Religious Retreats and Transcultural Challenges: Recreating Senegalese Tijani Islam in Metropolitan France

In: Journal of Muslims in Europe
Gina Gertrud Smith University of Copenhagen Koege Denmark

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Every year, in agreement with municipal authorities and without publicity, a Senegalese Haalpulaar Sufi sheikh and his Fulfulde-speaking adherents create a daaka, a religious space, in Mantes-la-Jolie. Some 5000 migrants re-establish the social and religious life of their Tijani culture, vitalising the programme of a retreat of the sacred village of Medina Gounass in Senegal and the chain of sheikhs and their Baraka. The article uses various concepts of memory (Jan Assmann, Astrid Erll and Danièle Hervieu-Léger) in order to place the daaka within a transcultural and French context. This is done on the backdrop of Haalpulaar history.

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