The Historical and Contemporary Sociology of the European Muslim Brotherhood Movement and its Logics of Action

In: Journal of Muslims in Europe

From a sociological viewpoint, this article analyses the Muslim Brothers’ organisational complexity and their logics of action in Europe (beyond their role as an active minority). To evoke the coexistence and indeed interactions between their various types of structures, themselves supported by individual memberships in change, the concept movance, which we seek to present here, appears suitable: it allows us to go beyond concepts of movement, organisation, network and field in a Bourdieusian sense of the term in a useful manner, in pointing out the extent to which the Brothers incarnate a relatively open system beyond the tensions internal to their various organised structures: they do not just play at the heart of one and the same arena they endeavour to control, but rather exert their efforts multidirectionally in order to become a reference model for a greater number.

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    Between 1996 and 2002.

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    Tammam, H. & P. Haenni, ‘ “Downsize it” for heaven’s sake. La démocratie, aphorisme de l’anti-autoritarisme libéral’, Maghreb-Machrek, no. 182, Winter 2004-2005, pp. 37-58.

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  • 53

    Cf. Ion J., La fin des militants? (Paris: L’Atelier, 1997). This author explains the contemporary success of a ‘distanced engagement’ through the hope of being less bound by irrevocable or overly restrictive procedures of engagement as regards personal expression, a mistrust towards delegatory mechanisms and bringing the singular person, his identity, into play.

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    Dassetto F., La construction de l’islam européen. Approche socio-anthropologique (Paris: L’Harmattan, 1996), p. 223.

  • 68

    In reference to B. Lahire, p. 28.

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