The Historical and Contemporary Sociology of the European Muslim Brotherhood Movement and its Logics of Action

In: Journal of Muslims in Europe
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  • 1 CISMOC / IACCHOS, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium

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From a sociological viewpoint, this article analyses the Muslim Brothers’ organisational complexity and their logics of action in Europe (beyond their role as an active minority). To evoke the coexistence and indeed interactions between their various types of structures, themselves supported by individual memberships in change, the concept movance, which we seek to present here, appears suitable: it allows us to go beyond concepts of movement, organisation, network and field in a Bourdieusian sense of the term in a useful manner, in pointing out the extent to which the Brothers incarnate a relatively open system beyond the tensions internal to their various organised structures: they do not just play at the heart of one and the same arena they endeavour to control, but rather exert their efforts multidirectionally in order to become a reference model for a greater number.

  • 6

    Laoust H., ‘Le réformisme orthodoxe des “salafiya” et les caractères généraux de son orientation actuelle’, Revue d’études islamiques, vol. 6 (1932), pp. 175-224.

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  • 8

    Mitchell, R., The Society of the Muslim Brothers (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969).

  • 9

    Carré, O. & M. Seurat, Les Frères musulmans (1928-1982) (Paris: L’Harmattan, 1983).

  • 11

    Tammam H., ‘La promesse, le parcours, l’argent. L’organisation internationale des Frères musulmans’, Al-Manar al-Gedid, 2004.

  • 12

    Between 1996 and 2002.

  • 13

    Kristiansen W., ‘Des Frères musulmans divisés—Une Internationale en trompe-l’œil’, Le Monde Diplomatique, April 2000, p. 19.

  • 14

    Kepel G., Fitna. Guerre au coeur de l’islam (Paris: Gallimard, 2004).

  • 15

    Campagna, J., ‘From Accommodation to Confrontation: The Muslim Brotherhood in the Mubarak Years,’ Journal of International Affairs, 50:1 (1996), pp. 278-305.

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  • 16

    Tammam, H. & P. Haenni, ‘ “Downsize it” for heaven’s sake. La démocratie, aphorisme de l’anti-autoritarisme libéral’, Maghreb-Machrek, no. 182, Winter 2004-2005, pp. 37-58.

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  • 53

    Cf. Ion J., La fin des militants? (Paris: L’Atelier, 1997). This author explains the contemporary success of a ‘distanced engagement’ through the hope of being less bound by irrevocable or overly restrictive procedures of engagement as regards personal expression, a mistrust towards delegatory mechanisms and bringing the singular person, his identity, into play.

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  • 64

    Dassetto F., La construction de l’islam européen. Approche socio-anthropologique (Paris: L’Harmattan, 1996), p. 223.

  • 68

    In reference to B. Lahire, p. 28.

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