Pierre Vogel’s and Bilal Philips’s Criticisms of Jihadism

In: Journal of Muslims in Europe
Clemens Holzgruber Berlin Graduate School Muslim Cultures and Societies, Freie Universität Berlin Berlin Germany

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In 2016, the Islamic State (IS) called upon its supporters to kill two of the most influential Western Salafi preachers, Pierre Vogel from Germany and Bilal Philips from Canada, for apostasy. This article investigates how Vogel and Philips have criticised Jihadism, changes in their criticism over time, and their responses to the allegations launched against them by IS. Furthermore, it illustrates why it is difficult to classify Vogel and Philips according to the influential categorisation of Salafism put forward by Quintan Wiktorowicz.

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