Local Politics and International Partnerships: The UN Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI)

in Journal of International Peacekeeping
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This article examines the UN mission in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) by applying the framework set out by Paul Diehl and Dan Druckman. It does so in two main parts. The first describes the course and direction of UNOCI until the end of 2011. The second applies elements of the Diehl-Druckman framework to evaluate UNOCI. It argues that two particular issues stand out from the UNOCI case, and are reflected in the title of this essay. First, that in considering the evaluation of peacekeeping missions, the mandate itself needs to be front and centre and more thought needs to be given to the attribution of responsibility when the mandate calls for peacekeepers to ‘assist’ others. Second, peace processes involve multiple foreign actors and UN peace operations are only one part of the puzzle. Overlapping mandates and complex partnerships are becoming a more common feature of UN peace operations. Accounting for these in the evaluation of missions is one of the key challenges for the future.

Local Politics and International Partnerships: The UN Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI)

in Journal of International Peacekeeping




 On which see Thierry Tardy‘A Critique of Robust Peacekeeping in Contemporary Peace Operations’International Peacekeepingvol. 18 no. 2 2011 pp. 152-167.


Abu Bakarr Bah‘Democracy and Civil War: Citizenship and Peacemaking in Côte d’Ivoire’African Affairsvol. 109 no. 437 2010 p. 601.


Ruth Marshall-Fratani‘The War of “Who is Who”: Autochthony, Nationalism and Citizenship in the Ivoirian Crisis’African Studies Reviewvol. 49 no. 2 2006 pp. 9-43; Daniel Chirot ‘The Debacle in Côte d’Ivoire’ Journal of Democracy vol. 17 no. 2 2006 pp. 63-77.


Bah‘Democracy and Civil War’ p. 602.


 For a summary see Paul CollierWar Guns and Votes (London: Bodley Head2009) pp. 158-163.


Bah‘Democracy and Civil War’ p. 605.


 See Maja Bovcon‘France’s Conflict Resolution Strategy in Cote d’Ivoire and its Ethical Implications’African Studies Quarterlyvol. 11 no. 1 2009 p. 7; Moya Collett ‘Foreign Intervention in Cote d’Ivoire: The Question of Legitimacy’ in Tony Coady and Michael O’Keefe (eds.) Righteous Violence (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press 2005) pp. 160-182.


Bovcon‘France’s Conflict Resolution Strategy’ p. 11.


Bah‘Democracy and Civil War’ p. 613; and Bovcon ‘France’s Conflict Resolution’ p. 13.


Alexander Ramsbotham‘Digest: United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI)’International Peacekeepingvol.18 no.4 2011 p. 498.


Ramsbotham‘Digest’ p. 498.


International Crisis GroupCôte d’Ivoire: Is War the Only Option? p. 8.


Mike McGovern‘The Ivoirian Endgame’Foreign Affairsvol. 90 no. 2 2011.


Thabo Mbeki‘What the World Got Wrong in Cote d’Ivoire’Foreign Policy29 April 2011 at http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/04/29/what_the_world_got_wrong_in_cote_d_ivoire


Diehl and DruckmanEvaluating Peace Operations p. 52.


Diehl and DruckmanEvaluating Peace Operations pp. 42 47.


Matthew Kirwin‘The Security Dilemma and Conflict in Cote d’Ivoire’Nordic Journal of African Studiesvol. 15 no. 1 2006 pp. 49-50.


George Fominyen‘Q + A: Is Ivory Coast’s Humanitarian Crisis Over?’Reliefweb2 December 2011 at http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/qa-is-ivory-coasts-humanitarian-crisis-over


 On this see Siobhan WillsProtecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers (Oxford: Oxford University Press2009).


 See Alexandru Balas‘It Takes Two (or More) to Keep the Peace: Multiple Simultaneous Peace Operations’Journal of International Peacekeepingvol.15 no. 3-4 2011 pp. 384-421.


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