Brazil’s Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Policies in Africa

in Journal of International Peacekeeping
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This article analyses the peacekeeping efforts of Brazil, an emerging power for which peacebuilding is a key element of its international presence, and which has been strongly critical of the dominant liberal paradigm. Peacebuilding is key to Brazil’s approach, as the country by tradition participates (with the contested exception of MINUSTAH) only in Chapter VI peace operations, abjuring the robust use of force. An activity such as peacebuilding which marries development and security concerns is an ideal setting for Brazil’s foreign policy aims; in order to gain a seat in global decisionmaking bodies, in the absence of hard power and the will to use it Brazil turns to peacebuilding to transform its domestic development successes into action in the security arena. The South American giant has also placed significant emphasis on Africa in part as a means to the end of underscoring – as a voice for the global South – its claim to greater international influence. This article will examine the motivations that underpin Brazil’s commitment to peacebuilding operations, as well as its commitment to that practice in Africa, which has taken place largely on a bilateral basis.

Brazil’s Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding Policies in Africa

in Journal of International Peacekeeping

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References

1)

Y. Captain‘Brazil’s Africa Policy under Lula’The Global Southvol. 4 no. 1 2010 p. 186.

4)

C.O. Ribeiro‘Brazil’s New African Policy: The Experience of the Lula Government (2003-6)’World Affairsvol. 13 2009 p. 92.

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Cardozo and Lacerdaop.cit. p. 196.

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Stolteop. cit. p. 4.

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 See D. Flemes‘Brazilian Foreign Policy in the Changing World Order’South African Journal of International Affairsvol. 16 2009 p. 176.

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 On soft power see J.S. Nye‘Soft Power’Foreign Policyvol. 80 1990 pp. 153-171; Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics (New York: PublicAffairs 2004); Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power (New York: Basic Books 1990). On its use by the BRICS emerging powers see for example T.M. Shaw A.F. Cooper and G.T. Chin “Emerging Powers and Africa: Implications for/from Global Governance?”.Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies vol. 36 1 2009 pp. 27-44.

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 See K.M. Kenkel‘Brazil and R2P: Does Taking Responsibility Mean Using Force?’Global Responsibility to Protectvol. 4 no. 1 2012 pp. 5-32; and ‘Out of South America’ op. cit.

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 See Kenkel‘South America’s Emerging Power’op. cit.; and K.M. Kenkel ‘New missions and emerging powers: Brazil’s involvement in MINUSTAH’ in C. Leuprecht J. Troy and D. Last (eds.) Mission Critical: Smaller Democracies’ Role in Global Stability Operations Montréal Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press 2010 pp. 125-148.

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C. Foley‘Brazil’s poverty makes its aid donations both natural and surprising’guardian.co.uk  available  at  http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2010/jul/21/brazil-aid-donations-poverty-development (accessed 15 March 2013).

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 See Pereira and Barbosaop.cit. p. 68.

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ABCop. cit. p. 14.

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