This study aims to increase the understanding on the strategic logic behind the un-led military non-force missions. Six out of 25 missions are evaluated to determine how strategy is elaborated within the un-system. The cases include observer missions, liaison missions and advisory missions. The analysis illuminates the interaction between the political and military strategic levels as well as the strategic awareness displayed by the un regarding non-force missions. Also the potential added value of non-force missions in peacekeeping is discussed. The authors conclude that there is an imbalance between the strategic preferences of the unsc and the unsg. The strategic awareness as well as the mission character is shown to differ between types of non-force missions. Their purpose seems to be keeping peace by observing war. It is up to the unsc and the unsg to judge whether passive oversight of the ongoing crisis is sufficient or if more active measures are justified.
William J. Durch (ed.)Twenty-first-century Peace Operations (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press2006); Oliver Ramsbotham Tom Woodhouse Hugh Miall Contemporary Conflict Resolution (London: Polity Press 2011); Dennis Sandole “A Comprehensive Mapping of Conflict and Conflict Resolution: A Three Pillar Approach” Peace and Conflict Studies vol. 5 no. 2 1998 pp. 1–30.