Peacekeeping, one of the major innovations in United Nations history, has been regarded as an activity falling under ‘Chapter Six and a half’ of the un Charter. Many have also urged that peacekeeping be made more robust and to engage with military force against ‘spoilers’. This article questions these two myths – ‘Chapter Six and a half’ and ‘robust peacekeeping’ – and argues that providing ambiguous half-half mandates and expecting peacekeepers to engage robustly has created a lot of confusion. It advocates for clarity and distinction between peacekeeping and military engagement, and recommends to delegate these two roles to two fully separate actors, well equipped and trained to exercise them professionally.
Indar Jit Rikhye, The Theory and Practice of Peacekeeping (New York: St. Martin’s, 1984), Lise Morje Howard, un Peacekeeping in Civil War (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007); Alex Bellamy, Paul Williams, Stuart Griffin, Understanding Peacekeeping (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2010).
Nurullah Yamali, ‘The Use of Force for Collective Security and Peacekeeping at the End of the Twentieth Century’, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Justice E-Journal: 4, accessed 27 March 2014, http://www.justice.gov.tr/e-journal/pdf/LW7042.pdf.
Paul Bonard, ‘Three Short Proposals to Enhance Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict’, Improving the Protection of Civilians in Situations of Armed Conflict. Fellows Working Paper, Carr Centre for Human Rights Policy, Harvard Kennedy School, May 2011, p. 22.
Z News,2014, ‘India Conveys Concern over Framing of un Peacekeeping Mandates’, 25 February 2014, http://zeenews.india.com/news/nation/india-conveys-concern-over-framing-of-un-peacekeeping-mandates_914026.html (accessed 27 March 2013).
George F. Oliver, ‘The Other Side of Peacekeeping: Peace Enforcement and Who Should Do It?’, International Peacekeeping: The Yearbook of International Peace Operations, vol. 8, 2002, p. 114.