Reform of the UN Security Council and the Non-Aligned States

in Journal of International Peacekeeping
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Reform of the UN Security Council and the Non-Aligned States

in Journal of International Peacekeeping

References

NOTES 1. See UN Doc. NAC 10/Doc. I /Rev. 2, 6 Sept. 1992, p.28. 2. Lusaka Conference of the Non-Aligned States, Declaration on Peace, Interdependence, Co- operation and Democratization of International Relations in Odette Jankowitsch and Kare Sauvant (eds), The Collected Documents of the Non-Aligned Countries, New York: Oceana Publications, 1978, p.82. 3. Ibid. p.507. 4. Algiers Conference of the Non-Aligned Countries, Political Declaration, Ch. 3, para. 81, ibid., p.203. 5. For the tenth summit of the non-aligned states see UN Doc. NAC 10/Doc. 12/Rev. 1, 6 Sept. 1992, p.10; for the final document of the Cartagena summit see UN Doc. A/50/PV 56, 13 Nov. 1995, pp.l9-20. 6. Emma Matanle, The UNSecurity Council, Prospects for Reform, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1995, Discussion paper 62, p.5; see also Modesto Seara-Vazques, 'The UN Security Council at Fifty: Midlife Crisis or Terminal Illness?', Global Covernance, Vol. 1, No.3, 1995, p.289. 7. See United Nations News, PR 14/94, 2 Jan. 1994. 8. Ford/Yale Study, The United Nations in Its Second Half Centry: The Reporf of the Independent Working Group on fhe Fulure of the United Nations, New York: Ford Foundation, 1995, pp.15-16. 9. Our Global Neighbourhood: The Report of the Commission on Global Covernance, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp.227� 1. 10. Ibid., p.241. 1. 11. 1. UN Doc., A/51/14 16 July 1997, pp.26-7. 12. General Assembly Resolution 47/62 of I 1 Dec. 1992. 13. Press Release GA/8996, General Assembly, 59th Plenary meeting, 14 Nov. 1995, p.5. 14. UN Doc. A/50/PV 56, 13 Nov. 1995, p.23. 15. UN Doc. A/28/264, 20 July 1993, esp. pp.13-14, 46-8, 70-71; see also UN Doc. A/48/264/Add. 1, 26 July 1993, pp.7-8. 16. UN Press Release GA/8995, 14 Nov. 1995, p.l. 1. 17. UN Doc. A/28/264, 20 July 1993, p.61. 1. 18. UN Doc. A/48/264, Add. 1, 26 July 1993, p.20. 19. UN Press Release GA/8995, 14 Nov. 1995, p.7. 20. See UN Press Release SG/SM/5906, 4 Mar. 1996, p.4; see also UN Doc. A/49/965, 18 Sept. 1995, p.5. 21. UN Press Release, GA/8995, 14 Nov. 1995, p.l. 1. 22. UN Doc. A/50/PV 57, 13 Nov. 1995, p.9; for the American point of view see UN Doc. A/48/264, 20 July 1993, pp.91-2. 23. UN Doc. A/48/264, 20 July 1993, p.92. 24. Barbara Crossete, 'US to Seek 3 Seats for Poor Nations on UN Council', Internafional

Herald Tribune, 18 July 1997, p.l. 1. 25. Mark Tran, 'Clinton Backs UN Reform', The Guardian, 18 July 1997, p.7. 26. Crossette (n.24 above). 27. Cited in Mattanle (see n.6 above), p.32. 28. For further discussion on the criteria for permanent membership see Panos Tsakaloyannis and Dimitris Bourantonis, 'Time for Change: The Reorganization of the Security Council', in Klaus Hufner (ed.), Agenda for Change, New Tasks for the United Nations, Opladen: Leske and Budrich, 1995, pp.109-14; see also Bruce Russett, Barry O'Neill and James Sutterlin, 'Breaking the Security Council Restructuring Logjam', Global Governance, Vol.2, 1996, p.68. 29. See UN Doc. ST/ADM/SER. B/481, 8 Dec. 1995; see also UN Doc. A/47/484, 29 Sept. 1992, annexes I and II, pp.4-13; see also Matanle (see n.6 above), pp.56-7. 30. Ibid. 31. See Boutros Boutros-Ghali, An Agenda for Peace, second edition, New York: United Nations, 1995, p.43. 32. UN Doc. A/50/PV. 57, 13 Nov. 1995, pp.7-8. 33. See for instance the view of Chile, Colombia, Guatemala and Paraguay in UN Doc. A/48/264, 20 July 1993, pp.16, 20, 44 and 78. 34. Ibid., p.6. 35. Ibid., p.14. 36. UN Doc. A/48/264/Add. 1, 26 July 1993, pp.19-20. 37. See, for instance, the view of Malaysia in UN Doc. A/28/264, 20 July 1993, p.59. 38. UN Doc. A. 48/264/Add. 1, 26 July 1993, p.10. 39. Statement on 21 May 1996 by Sir John Weston, KCMG, Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, New York, p.1. 1. 40. Sergey Lavrov, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the UN. Statement to the General Assembly Working Group on the Security Council, New York, 22 May t996, p.2. 41. Ibid. 42. Ibid. 43. Jerzy Ciechanski, 'Restructuring the Security Council', International Peacekeeping, Vol.l, 1, No.4, Winter 1994, p.425. 44. See paper submitted by the Movement ofNon-Aligned Countries, UN Doc. A/AC, 247/5, 13 February 1995. For the text of the paper see UN Doc. A/49/965, 18 Sept. 1995, pp.94-98. 45. Alan Henrikson, 'Great Powers, Superpowers and Global Powers: Managerial Succession for a New World Order', in Dimitris Bourantonis and Marios Evriviades (eds), A United Nations for the Twenty-First Century, Peace, Security and Development, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1996, p.70. 46. UN Doc. A/50/PV 60, 15 Nov. 1995, p.4; see also UN Doc. A/50/PV. 58, 14 Nov. 1995, p.6. 47. UN Doc. A/48/264, 20 July 1993, p.19. 48. UN Doc. A/50/PV 57, 13 Nov. 1995, p.18. 49. Edward Carr, The Ttventy Years' Crisis: 1919-1939, second edition, London and Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1946, p.29. 50. Cited in David Caron, 'The Legitimacy of the Collective Authority of the Security Council', American Journal of International Law, Viol.87, 1995, pp.573-4. 51. UN Doc. A/49/965, 18 Sept. 1995, pp.10-15. 52. UN Doc. A/47/PV. 106, 12 July 1993, pp.23-4, Brazil.

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