NOTES 1. For a keen, extended treatment of these issues, see Thomas G. Weiss and Cindy Collins, Humanitarian Challenges and Intervention: World Politics and Dilemmas of Help, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996. 2. For a useful attempt at defining peace-maintenance, see Jarat Chopra, 'Introducing Peace Maintenance', Global Governance, Vol.4, No.l (Jan.-Mar. 1998), pp.l9-40. This issue of Global Governance contains thoughtful articles on various contemporary aspects of maintaining peace. 3. Antonio Donini, 'Asserting Humanitarianism in Peace-Maintenance', Global Governance, Vol.4, No.l (Jan.-Mar. 1998), pp.81-7. 4. See conceptual analysis and case material in Thomas Weiss and Leon Gordenker (eds), NGOs, the UN & Global Governance, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996. 5. For examples and analysis, see Thomas G. Weiss (ed.), Beyond UN Subcontracting: Task- sharing with Regional Security Arrangements and Service providing NGOs, Basingstoke: Macmillan Press Ltd., 1998. 6. Leon Gordenker, 'NGOs: The People's Voice in International Governance', University Lecture 15, Tokyo: United Nations University, 1997. 7. That is what scholars of international organization call functionalistu. See David Mitrany, A Working Peace System, Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1966 for the argument that most influenced the founders of the UN system. 8. Among the vast literature on human rights, for a treatment of its effect in international relations, see David P. Forsythe, Human Rights and World Politics, 2nd Edition, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1989. 9. Jonathan Moore, The UN and Complex Emergencies: Rehabilitation in Third World Countries, Geneva: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1966, pp.4-5; Weiss and Collins, (see n.1), pp.40-68. 10. For a critique of the lack of a critical dimension in these proceedings, see Leon Gordenker, The UN Tangle: Policy Formation, Reform, and Reorganization, Cambridge, MA: World Peace Foundation, 1996. A complete list of reform proposals and documents can be found on the Internet in 'United Nations Reform: A Selected Bibliography' maintained by Peter Hajnal at http:///www.library/yale/edu/UN/Unhome/htni. 11. UN Document A/51/1950, 16 July 1997.