Gadamer’s Logic of Question and Answer and the Difference Between the History of Philosophy and the History of Ideas

in Journal of the Philosophy of History
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The key difference between the history of ideas and the history of philosophy is that philosophers always consider their historical studies as potentially contributing to contemporary philosophical practice. Such presentism risks anachronistic readings of texts, but a too narrow focus on the historical context of the text risks limiting its ability to contribute to contemporary philosophizing. The current discussion of the history of philosophy focus entirely on how to understand, and what we can learn from, a philosopher’s claims and arguments. Hans-Georg Gadamer offers a different focus, arguing instead that it is the questions that the text answers that generate insights for contemporary philosophical practice. His focus on questions cuts across the standard ways of thinking about the relation between the history of philosophy and the history of ideas and provides novel answers to some central issues in the philosophy of history, for example how to best articulate a principle of charity.

Gadamer’s Logic of Question and Answer and the Difference Between the History of Philosophy and the History of Ideas

in Journal of the Philosophy of History

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References

13

Garber“Does History Have a Future” p. 20.

15

Q. Skinner“Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas,” History and Theory8 (1969) p. 4.

16

Ibid. p. 29.

17

BrandomTales of the Mighty Dead p. 92. Brandom’s dismissal applies to a simple form of intentionalism. There are more sophisticated versions – versions more sophisticated even than Skinner’s – such as Mark Bevir’s The Logic of the History of Ideas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1999).

18

R.G. CollingwoodAn Autobiography (Oxford: Oxford University Press1982) p. 31.

19

GadamerTruth and Method p. 366.

20

Bennett“Reply to Richards” p. 62.

22

GadamerTruth and Method p. 363.

23

Ibid. p. 515.

28

Ibid. p. 28.

29

Ibid. p. 25.

30

Ibid. p. 26.

32

Ibid. p. 29.

33

Ibid. p. 26.

35

GadamerTruth and Method p. 368.

36

Ibid. pp. 365–366.

37

Ibid. p. 296.

38

P.O. Kristeller“History of Philosophy and History of Ideas”The Journal of the History of Philosophy2 (1964) 13.

39

B. WilliamsDescartes: The Project of Pure Enquiry (Harmondsworth: Penguin1978) p. 9.

40

Kristeller“History of Philosophy”11.

41

Kristeller“History of Philosophy” p. 11.

42

Kristeller“History of Philosophy” p. 6.

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