Betrayed by Earth and Sky: Poetry of Disaster and Restoration in Eighteenth-Century Iran

in Journal of Persianate Studies
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Abstract

In the winter of 1778, an earthquake shattered the city of Kashan. Three poets, Āẕar, Hātef, and Sabāhi, responded to the disaster in verse. Although all three are commonly associated with the Bāzgasht-e adabi (Literary Return) school that championed the style of an earlier era, their poems display an affinity with more contemporary Safavid poetry, particularly that of Mohtasham Kāshāni. In their responses to the earthquake, the poets acted as agents of social order, helping their audience to cope with their loss by putting the calamity into more familiar religious and cultural contexts (such as comparisons to the death of Emām Hoseyn at Karbalāʾ) and enabling them to move forward into the future.

Betrayed by Earth and Sky: Poetry of Disaster and Restoration in Eighteenth-Century Iran

in Journal of Persianate Studies

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References

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