In the winter of 1778, an earthquake shattered the city of Kashan. Three poets, Āẕar, Hātef, and Sabāhi, responded to the disaster in verse. Although all three are commonly associated with the Bāzgasht-e adabi (Literary Return) school that championed the style of an earlier era, their poems display an affinity with more contemporary Safavid poetry, particularly that of Mohtasham Kāshāni. In their responses to the earthquake, the poets acted as agents of social order, helping their audience to cope with their loss by putting the calamity into more familiar religious and cultural contexts (such as comparisons to the death of Emām Hoseyn at Karbalāʾ) and enabling them to move forward into the future.
JohnBeaumont “Letter no. 17 to William Hornby, President and Governor, Council at Bombay” Bushire 17 January 1779 British Library India Office Records and Private Papers IOR/R/15/1/3 pp. 10–11; online: Qatar Digital Library https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061639620.0x000019 (accessed: 04 December 2018).
WilliamFrancklinObservations Made on a Tour from Bengal to Persia in the years 1786–7: With a Short Account of the Remains of the Celebrated Palace of Persepolis and Other Interesting EventsCalcutta1788.
P.Losensky “The Equal of Heaven’s Vault: The Design, Ceremony, and Poetry of the Ḥasanābād Bridge” in L.Marlow and B.Grundler eds. Writers and Rulers: Perspectives on their Relationship from Abbasid to Safavid TimesLiteraturen im Kontext 16Wiesbaden2004a pp. 195–216.