A Comparative Study on Interpretation of Planet from Al-Quran and Astronomy Views

in Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

The interpretation submitted by the translator of mashaf Quran against the pronouncement of al-kawkab and al-kawakib means ‘star’. Based on the studies from the modern astronomy, both words refer to a planet. The study of the meaning of al-kawkab and al-kawakib is about explaining more appropriate meanings based on the context of Islamic astronomy. The main objective of this study is to identify the meaning of al-kawkab and al-kawakib terms in al-Quran and to analyze the correlation between Quranic commentaries with modern discoveries of planets in the solar system. Methods of comparison between the views of Quranic commentaries and modern astronomy are highlighted with reference based on classical and contemporary tafseers, and modern astronomy literature. The study found that there are four passages that discuss physical characteristics of planets. In addition, the reason that may be adduced to explain appropriate translations for the words al-kawkab and al-kawakib as ‘planet’ is based on the majority of Quranic commentaries and research on the difference in physical nature of planets and stars. In conclusion, the is no difference between Quranic commentaries and modern astronomy related to planets and their features. Thus the pronouncement of al-kawkab and al-kawakib in the Quran refers to a planet, not a star.

Sections

References

Abdul Hamid Mahmud, Muqaddimah fi Ilm al-Falak. Kaherah, Matbaʿah Dar al-Assarq, 1949.

Abu Hayyan, Athir al-Din Muhammad bin Yusuf bin Ali bin Yusuf bin Hayyan, Tafsir al-Bahr al-Muhit. Beirut, Dar Ihyaʾ al-Turath al-ʿArabi, 2002.

Ahmad Mukhtar Abdul Hamid ʿUmar, Muʿjam al-Lughah al-ʿArabiyyah al-Muʿasarah. Beirut: ʿAlim al-Kutub, 2008.

Al-Alusi, Shihab al-Din al-Sayyid Mahmud, Ruh al-Maʿani fi Tafsir al-Qurʾan al-ʿAzim wa al-Sabʾi al-Mathani. Beirut, Dar al-Ihyaʾ al-Turath al-ʿArabi, 2000.

Al-Baidawi, Nasir al-Din Abu Saʿid Abdullah bin ʿUmar bin Muhammad al-Shirazi, Anwar al-Tanzil wa Asrar al-Taʾwil. Beirut, Dar Ihyaʾ Turath al-ʿArabi, 1997.

Al-Baghawi, Abu Muhammad al-Husin bin Masʾud al-Farraʾ, Maʿalim al-Tanzil. Beirut, Dar al-Ihyaʾ al-Turath al-ʿArabi, 2000.

Al-Farabi, Abu Nasr Ismaʿil bin Khimad al-Jauhari, Al-Sihhah Taj al-Lughah wa Sihhah al-ʿArabiyyah. Beirut, Dar al-ʿIlm Li Malayyin, 1987.

Al-Fairuzabadi, Abu Tahir Muhammad bin Yaʿqub, Tanwir al-Miqbas Min Tafsir Ibn ʿAbbas (Tafsir Ibn ʿAbbas). Beirut, Dar al-ʿAshraq li al-Tibaʿah wa al-Nashr, 1988.

Al-Suyuti, Jalal al-Din Abd al-Rahman bin Abu Bakr, Al-Dur al-Manthur fi al-Tafsir al-Maʾthur. Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiah, 2000.

Al-Tabari, Abu Jaʾfar Muhammad bin Jarir, Jamiʿ al-Bayan fi Taʾwil al-Qurʾan Jilid ke-7. Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyyah, 1999.

Al-Zamakhshari, Abu al-Qasim Mahmud bin ʿAmru bin Ahmad. Al-Kashshaf ʿan Haqaiq Ghawamid al-Tanzil. Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-ʿArabi, 1985.

Al-Zuhayli, Wahbah bin Mustafa, Al-Tafsir al-Munir. Damshiq, Dar al-Fikr, 1998.

Alexander Gordon Smith, The Illustrated Guide To The Solar System, London, South Water, 2009.

Danial Mushih, ʿIlm al-Falak Dalil Li Taʿallum al-Dhati, Saudi Arabia, Maktabah al-ʿUbaikan, 2003.

Duncan John, The Ultimate Guide To Stars and Planets, United Kingdom, Parragon, 2011.

Eric Chaisson dan Steve McMillan, Astronomy Today, Sixth Edition, United States, Pearson Education, 2014.

Fahkr al-Din Al-Razi, Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin ʿUmar bin al-Hasan bin al-Husin al-Yatimi. Mafatih al-Ghayb (al-Tafsir al-Kabir), Beirut, Dar Ihyaʾ al-Turath al-ʿArabi, 1999.

George Saliba, A History of Arabic Astronomy: Planetary Theories During The Golden Age of Islam, London, New York University Press, 1994.

George Saliba, Islamic Science and The Making of The European Renaissance . London: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 2007.

Gerard P. Kuiper, “On The Origin Of The Solar System”, Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences, no 1, Volume 37 (January 1951), 1-2.

Fahkr al-Din Al-Razi, Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin ʿUmar bin al-Hasan bin al-Husin al-Yatimi. Mafatih al-Ghayb (al-Tafsir al-Kabir). Beirut: Dar Ihyaʾ al-Turath al-ʿArabi, 1999.

Hamka. Tafsir al-Azhar. Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1985.

Ian Ridpath. Dictionary of Astronomy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Ibn Kathir, Abu al-Fidaʾ Ismaʿil bin Kathir. Tafsir al-Qurʾan al-ʿAzim. Beirut: Dar al-Maʿrifah, 1997.

Ibn Manzur. Lisan al-ʿArab. Beirut: Dar Ihyaʾ al-Turath al-ʿArabi, 1999.

Jabatan Mufti Negeri Selangor. Ilmu Falak Suatu Penerokaan. Shah Alam: Jabatan Mufti Negeri Selangor (Bahagian Falak), 2010.

Jeffrey Bennettet al. The Cosmic Perspective, Ed,ke-6, United States, Pearson Education, 2010.

Lisa Miles dan Alastair Smith. Buku Lengkap Astronomi dan Angkasa, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2007.

Lissauer, J.J., “Planet Formation”, Journal in Annual Review in Astronomy and Astrophysics, no. 31 (1993), 135-164.

Mir Aneesuddin, Buku Saku Ayat-Ayat Semesta. Jakarta, Penerbit Zaman, 2014.

Sayyid Qutb, Ibrahim Husin al-Sharibi. fi Zilal al-Qurʾan, Qaherah, Dar al-Shuruq, 1991.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 20 20 8
Full Text Views 7 7 7
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0