Mubālaghah Menurut Perspektif al-ʿAlawi: Kajian Terhadap Elemen Mubālaghah dalam Hadith Berkaitan Syurga

Mubālaghah according to al-ʿAlawi’s Perspective: Studies on Mubālaghah Elements in Hadiths Related to Heaven

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies
Mohamad Hussin Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur Malaysia

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Mohd Hafiz Jamaludin Department of Syariah and Law, Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur Malaysia

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The depiction of heaven as a supernatural thing that is hard for human beings to perceive is understandably difficult. Thus, the person who delivers divine messages about it to the masses requires a high level of language ability and delivery skills in order to be able to convince the audience. This study aims to examine the style of language in the hadiths containing descriptions of heaven from the perspective of mubālaghah. The research objectives are achieved through content analysis through which, hadiths related to description of heaven in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim are probed and the elements of mubālaghah in them are identified and analyzed. The mubālaghah approach by al-ʿAlawi is used as a theoretical basis in identifying and analyzing the elements of mubālaghah. The findings show that Rasulullah SAW decribed the inhabitants, the nature of heaven and the blessings provided to its inhabitants by using various mubālaghah approaches such as applying the elements of bayan, repeating sentences with the same meaning and completing sentences with hyperbole. Objects used as symbols were chosen from the socio-cultural environment of the society at that time such as the moon, stars, musk, horses, gems and significant rivers such as the Nile, Saihān and Jaihān. The most prominent characteristic is that his words are rich in elements of balaghah and delivered effectively to strengthen the audience’s understanding of the theme, which subsequently leads to acceptance and belief.

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