This essay examines the religious discourses articulated by Boko Haram and its opponents through analysis of sermons and debates recorded on cassettes, CDs and DVDs. Rather than simplistic application of economic deprivation theory, the essay argues that Boko Haram is driven by a will to power, and the religious and temporal dimensions should be equally taken into account. By locating the religious worldviews of Boko Haram and its opponents within the history of Salafi/Wahhabi movement in Nigeria, the essay demonstrates that Salafism/Wahhabism should be understood as a complex phenomenon comprising ideas and tendencies.
al-MaiduguriyyuAbu Yusuf Muhammad YusufHadhihi ʿaqīdatuna wa manhju daʿwatina2009N.p.Maktabat al-Ghurabāʾ Li’l-Ṭab’i wa al-Nashar wa al-Tawzīʾ(leader of Boko Haram)(This is our Creed and our Method of Preaching)
MuhammadIbrahim JaloItḥāf al-aḥibati al-amjād bi bayān khaṭʾi man ḥarram al-tawaẓẓufa taḥta al-ḥ ukūma al-qā’ima fī al-bilād (Gift to the Great and Beloved Ones Explaining the Error of the one who Forbids Working for the Government Ruling the Land)2009LosIbzar Publishing Company
UmarMuhammad. S.BrennerLouis‘Changing Islamic Identity in Nigeria from 1960s to the 1980s: From Sufism to Anti-Sufism’Muslim Identity and Social Change in Sub-Saharan Africa.1993BloomingtonIndiana University Press154178
Samples include al-Maiduguriyyu (2009); Muhammad (2009); Da’wah Coordination Council of Nigeria (2009); Mustafa and Abdul-Qadir (no date or place of publication); and Nabardo (no date). I would like to thank colleagues for sharing copies of these books.
Ostien (2007) provides the most detailed study of these developments.