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Afro-Brazilian Pentecostal Re-formations of Relationships Across Two Generations of Mozambican Women

In: Journal of Religion in Africa
Author:
Linda van de Kamp Tilburg University, School of Humanities Department of Culture Studies Postbox 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg The Netherlands L.vdKamp@uvt.nl

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Abstract

Scholars of Pentecostalism in Africa have repeatedly shown that this religion generally attracts younger generations who perceive the Pentecostal theology of liberation from the bonds of kinship, tradition, and elders as very powerful. This article contributes to the existing scholarly field by examining how different generations of working women and female students in Mozambique find the Afro-Brazilian Pentecostal teachings and practices attractive, particularly when it comes to reshaping their relationships with kin, (ancestral) spirits, and men. It considers how Afro-Brazilian Pentecostalism is helping both younger and older women to reorder their relationships. Drawing on the concept of heterotopia, the role of age is highlighted to demonstrate that Afro-Brazilian Pentecostalism actively seeks to erase important generational hierarchies and differences, turning them into spiritual issues that affect all women regardless of age or generation.

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