Religion and the Formation of an Urban Educational Market: Transnational Reform Processes and Social Inequalities in Christian and Muslim Schooling in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

in Journal of Religion in Africa
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

Over the last decade in Tanzania parents’ and students’ quest for a good school has been shaped by the growing presence of religiously motivated schools, especially in urban settings. This paper argues that the diverse social positioning and educational appeal of new Christian and Muslim schools in Dar es Salaam are intimately intertwined with the continued weakening of state education that has been taking place since the mid-1990s to early 2000s as the result of privatization and World Bank educational policies. It also shows that the growing stratification and commodification of the education sector is tightly knitted with histories of inequality and religious difference in colonial and postcolonial Tanzania, as well as with the establishment and diversification of ties between actors and institutions on the East African coast on the one hand, and with those in North America, Europe, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia on the other. Finally, this paper demonstrates how macroeconomic and macrohistorical forces have become condensed in processes of subject formation and the widely varying production of religious spaces in an urban educational market. I argue that the resulting reinscription of religion in the public sphere must be understood not so much as an unintended side-effect of transnational reform processes, but more as part and parcel of multilayered histories of schooling and Christian-Muslim encounters in Tanzania that have also shaped the recent repositioning of the country’s education sector in the global and transnational context.

Religion and the Formation of an Urban Educational Market: Transnational Reform Processes and Social Inequalities in Christian and Muslim Schooling in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

in Journal of Religion in Africa

Sections

References

AhmedChanfi ‘Networks of Islamic NGOs in sub-Saharan Africa: Bilal Muslim Mission, African Muslim Agency (Direct Aid), and al-Haramayn’ Journal of Eastern African Studies 2009 3 3 426 437

AhmedChanfi ‘The Wahubiri wa Kislamu (Preachers of Islam) in East Africa’ Africa Today 2008 54 4 3 18

BeaumontJustin ‘Introduction: Faith-Based Organisations and Urban Social Issues’ Urban Studies 2008a 45 101 2011 2017

BeaumontJustin ‘Faith Action on Urban Social Issues’ Urban Studies 2008b 45 101 2019 2034

BeckerFelicitas ‘Rural Islamism During the ‘War on Terror’: A Tanzanian Case Study’ African Affairs 2006 105 421 583 603

Brock-UtneBirgitHolmarsdottirHalla B. ‘Language Policies and Practices in Tanzania and South Africa: Problems and Challenges’ International Journal of Educational Development 2004 24 67 83

DilgerHansjörg ‘Claiming Territory: Medical Mission, Interreligious Revivalism, and the Spatialization of Health Interventions in Urban Tanzania’ Medical Anthropology 2014a 33 1 DOI: 10.1080/01459740.2013.821987

DilgerHansjörg SchmittCarolineVonderauAsta ‘No Public? Class Dynamics, the Politics of Extraversion, and the Non-Formation of Political Publics and (Religious) AIDS Activism in Urban Tanzania’ Transnationalität und Öffentlichkeit: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven 2014b Bielefeld Transcript. In print

DilgerHansjörg ‘Doing Better? Religion, the Virtue-Ethics of Development and the Fragmentation of Health Politics in Tanzania’ Africa Today 2009 56 1 89 110

DilgerHansjörg ‘ “We Are All Going to Die”: Kinship, Belonging and the Morality of HIV/AIDS-Related Illnesses and Deaths in Rural Tanzania’ Anthropological Quarterly 2008 81 1 207 232

DilgerHansjörg ‘Healing the Wounds of Modernity: Community, Salvation and Care in a Neo-Pentecostal Church in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’ Journal of Religion in Africa 2007 37 1 59 83

EnglundHarri Christianity and Public Culture in Africa 2011 Athens Ohio University Press

HasuPäivi ‘The Witch, the Zombie and the Power of Jesus: A Trinity of Spiritual Warfare’ Suomen Antropologie 2009 34 1 70 83

HearnJulie ‘The “Invisible” NGO: U.S. Evangelical Missions in Kenya’ Journal of Religion in Africa 2002 32 1 32 60

HeilmanBruceKaiserPaul J. ‘Religion, Identity and Politics in Tanzania’ Third World Quarterly 2002 23 4 691 709

IshumiAbel G.M. MukandalaRwekaza ‘Access to and Equity in Education in Tanzania’ Justice Rights and Worship: Religion and Politics in Tanzania 2006 Dar es Salaam E&D Limited 431 456

JonesThomas Jesse Education in East Africa: A Study of the East Central and South Africa by the Second African Education Commission under the Auspices of the Phelps-Stoke Fund in Cooperation with the International Education Board. Report Prepared by Thomas Jesse Jones Ph.D. Chairman of the Commission 1924 London Edinburgh House Press

KaiserPaul J. Culture Transnationalism and Civil Society: Aga Khan Social Service Initiatives in Tanzania 1996 Westport, CT Praeger

KnottKim The Location of Religion: A Spatial Analysis 2005 London/Oakville CT Equinox

LassibilleGérardTanJee-Peng ‘Are Private Schools More Efficient than Public Schools? Evidence from Tanzania’ Education Economics 2001 9 2 145 172

LodhiAbdulaziz Y. ‘Muslims in Eastern Africa: Their Past and Present’ Nordic Journal Studies 1994 3 1 88 99

LoimeierRoman OtayekRénéSoaresBenjamin ‘Perceptions of Marginalization. Muslims in Contemporary Tanzania’ Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa 2007 New York Palgrave-Macmillan 137 156

LowSetha M. ‘The Anthropology of Cities: Imagining and Theorizing the City’ Annual Review of Anthropology 1996 25 383 409

LudwigFrieder Church and State in Tanzania: Aspects of a Changing Relationship 1961-1994 1999 Leiden Brill

MasseyDoreen ‘Politics and Space / Time’ New Left Review 1992 196 65 84

MushiPhilemon A.K. History and Development of Education in Tanzania 2009 Dar es Salaam Dar es Salaam University Press

MusokeIssa K. MukandalaRwekaza ‘The Relationship Between Religion and Employment in Tanzania’ Justice Rights and Worship: Religion and Politics in Tanzania 2006 Dar es Salaam E&D Limited 496 513

NimtzAugust H.Jr Islam and Politics in East Africa: The Sufi Order in Tanzania 1980 Minneapolis University of Minnesota Press

PossiMwajabuMaselleBalla MukandalaRwekaza ‘Provision of Education: Infrastructure and Resources’ Justice Rights and Worship: Religion and Politics in Tanzania 2006 Dar es Salaam E&D Limited 457 474

RedfieldRobert ‘The Folk Society’ The American Journal of Sociology 1947 52 4 293 308

SahlbergCarl-Erik From Krapf to Rugambwa—A Church History of Tanzania 1986 Nairobi Evangel Publishing House

SingletonMichael ‘Muslims, Missionaries and the Millennium in Upcountry Tanzania’ Cultures et Développement 1977 9 2 247 314

SivalonJohn C. SembojaJosephTherkilsdenOle ‘The Catholic Church and Tanzania State in the Provision of Social Services’ Service Provision Under Stress in East Africa. 1995 Copenhagen Villiers Publications Ltd. 179 191

SoaresBenjamin F. SoaresBenajmin F. ‘Introduction: Muslim-Christian Encounters in Africa’ Muslim-Christian Encounters in Africa 2006 Leiden Brill 1 16

StambachAmy Lessons from Mount Kilimanjaro: Schooling Community and Gender in East Africa 2000 New York Routledge

StambachAmy Faith in Schools: Religion Education and American Evangelicals in East Africa 2010 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press

StitesRegieSemaliLadislaus ‘Adult Literacy for Social Equality or Economic Growth? Changing Agendas for Mass Literacy in China and Tanzania’ Comparative Education Review 1991 35 1 44 75

Tanganyika Report for the Year 1960 1961 (Part II) London Published for the Colonial Office by her Majesty’s Stationery Office

WijsenFransMfumbusaBernardin Seeds of Conflict: Religious Tensions in Tanzania 2004 Nairobi Paulines Publications Africa

WirthLouis ‘Urbanism as a Way of Life’ The American Journal of Sociology 1938 44 1 1 24

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 12 12 9
Full Text Views 17 17 8
PDF Downloads 7 7 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0