Pentecostalism, Political Masculinity and Citizenship

The Born-Again Male Subject as Key to Zambia’s National Redemption

in Journal of Religion in Africa
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Africa has become a key site of masculinity politics, that is, of mobilisations and struggles where masculine gender is made a principal theme and subjected to change. Pentecostalism is widely considered to present a particular form of masculinity politics in contemporary African societies. Scholarship on African Pentecostal masculinities has mainly centred around the thesis of the domestication of men, focusing on changes in domestic spheres and in marital and intimate relations. Through an analysis of a sermon series preached by a prominent Zambian Pentecostal pastor, this article demonstrates that Pentecostal discourse on adult, middle- to upper-class masculinity is also highly concerned with men’s roles in sociopolitical spheres. It argues that in this case study the construction of a born-again masculinity is part of the broader Pentecostal political project of national redemption, which in Zambia has particular significance in light of the country constitutionally being a Christian nation. Hence the article examines how this construction of Pentecostal masculinity relates to broader notions of religious, political and gendered citizenship.

Pentecostalism, Political Masculinity and Citizenship

The Born-Again Male Subject as Key to Zambia’s National Redemption

in Journal of Religion in Africa

Sections

References

  • AndersonAllan H. To the Ends of the Earth: Pentecostalism and the Transformation of World Christianity 2013 Oxford Oxford University Press

  • BondPatrick van der HeijdenHein-Anton ‘Social Movements and Political Citizenship in Africa’ Handbook of Political Citizenship and Social Movements 2014 Cheltenham Edward Elgar Publishing 604 627

  • BruscoElizabeth AndersonAllan H.BergunderMichaelDroogersAndrevan der LaanCornelis ‘Gender and Power’ Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods 2010 Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London University of California Press 74 74

  • BujraJanet CleaverF. ‘Targeting Men for a Change: AIDS Discourse and Activism in Africa’ Masculinities Matter! Men Gender and Development 2002 London Zed Books 209 234

  • CheyekaAustin M. GewaldJan-BartHinfelaarMarjaMacolaGiocoma ‘Towards a History of the Charismatic Churches in Post-Colonial Zambia’ One Zambia Many Histories: Towards a History of Post-Colonial Zambia 2008 Leiden Brill 144 163

  • CheyekaAustinHinfelaarMarjaUdelhovenBernhard ‘The Changing Face of Zambia’s Christianity and Its Implications for the Public Sphere: A Case Study of Bauleni Township, Lusaka’ Journal of Southern African Studies 2014 40 5 1031 1045

  • ChitandoEzra ‘A New Man for a New Era? Zimbabwean Pentecostalism, Masculinities and the HIV Epidemic’ Missionalia 2007 35 3 112 127

  • ChitandoEzraBiriKudzai ‘Faithful Men of a Faithful God? Masculinities in the Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa’ Exchange: Journal of Missiological and Ecumenical Research 2013 42 1 34 50

  • ChitandoEzraChirongomaSophie Redemptive Masculinities: Men HIV and Religion 2012 Geneva WCC Publications

  • ColemanSimon MeltzerF.ElsnerJ. ‘Transgressing the Self: Making Charismatic Saints’ Saints: Faith without Borders 2011 Chicago, IL University of Chicago Press 73 96

  • ConnellR.W. Masculinities 2005a 2nd ed. Cambridge Polity Press

  • ConnellR.W. ‘Change among the Gatekeepers: Men, Masculinities, and Gender Equality in the Global Arena’ Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 2005b 30 3 1801 1825

  • De WitteMarleen ‘Altar Media’s “Living Word”: Televised Charismatic Christianity in Ghana’ Journal of Religion in Africa 2003 33 2 179 202

  • DormanSara Rich IsinEngin F.NyersPeter ‘Citizenship in Africa: The Politics of Belonging’ Routledge Handbook of Global Citizenship Studies 2014 London and New York Routledge 161 171

  • EllisStephenter HaarGerrie Worlds of Power: Religious Thought and Political Practice in Africa 2004 London Hurst & Co.

  • GiffordPaul ‘Chiluba’s Christian Nation: Christianity as a Factor in Zambian Politics 1991-1996’ Journal of Contemporary Religion 1998 13 3 363 381

  • GoorenHenri AndersonAllan H.BergunderMichaelDroogersAndrevan der LaanCornelis ‘Conversion Narratives’ Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods 2010 Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London University of California Press 93 112

  • GordonDavid M. Invisible Agents: Spirits in a Central African History 2012 Athens Ohio University Press

  • HearnJeff WalbySylvia ‘A Crisis in Masculinity, or New Agendas for Men?’ New Agendas for Women 1999 London Palgrave Macmillan 148 168

  • KaluOgbu. U. African Pentecostalism: An Introduction 2008 Oxford Oxford University Press

  • LarmerMiles HinfelaarMarjaPhiriBizeck J.SchumakerLynSzefteMorris ‘Introduction: Narratives of Nationhood’ Journal of Southern African Studies 2014 40 5 895 905

  • LindhardtMartin ‘Men of God: Neo-Pentecostalism and Masculinities in Urban Tanzania’ Religion 2015 45 2 252 272

  • MarshallRuth Political Spiritualities: The Pentecostal Revolution in Nigeria 2009 Chicago and London University of Chicago Press

  • MarshallRuth DioufMamadouFrederickRosalind ‘“Dealing with the Prince over Lagos”: Pentecostal Arts of Citizenship’ The Arts of Citizenship in African Cities: Infrastructures and Spaces of Belonging 2014 New York Palgrave Macmillan 91 114

  • MateRekopantswe ‘Wombs as God’s Laboratories: Pentecostal Discourses of Femininity in Zimbabwe’ Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 2002 72 4 549 568

  • MbembeAchille On the Postcolony 2001 Berkeley University of California Press

  • McCauleyJohn F. ‘Africa’s New Big Man Rule? Pentecostalism and Patronage in Ghana’ African Affairs 2013 112 446 1 21

  • MeyerBirgit ‘“Make a Complete Break with the Past”: Memory and Post-Colonial Modernity in Ghanaian Pentecostalist Discourse’ Journal of Religion in Africa 1998 28 3 316 349

  • MeyerBirgit ‘Aesthetics of Persuasion: Global Christianity and Pentecostalismʼs Sensational Forms’ The South Atlantic Quarterly 2010 109 4 741 764

  • MeyerBirgit EnglundHarri ‘Going and Making Public: Pentecostalism as Public Religion in Ghana’ Christianity and Public Culture in Africa 2011 Athens Ohio University Press 149 166

  • MutungaWilly MutuaMakau ‘Feminist Masculinity: Advocacy for Gender Equality and Equity’ Human Rights NGOs in East Africa: Political and Normative Tensions 2009 Philadelphia University of Pennsylvania Press 112 130

  • NdjioBasile WieringaSaskiaSivoriHoracio ‘Sexuality and Nationalist Ideologies in Post-Colonial Cameroon’ The Sexual History of the Global South: Sexual Politics in Africa Asia and Latin America 2013 London Zed Books 120 143

  • Northmead Assembly of God Church (naog) ‘The Men of Truth Ministry’ Church Website n.d. Accessed 13 December 2014 http://www.northmeadassembly.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=334&Itemid=79

  • ParsitauDamaris EnglundHarri ‘“Arise, Oh Ye Daughters of Faith”: Women, Pentecostalism and Public Culture in Kenya’ Christianity and Public Culture in Africa 2011 Athens Ohio University Press 131 148

  • PhiriIsabel A. ‘President Frederick J.T. Chiluba of Zambia: The Christian Nation and Democracy’ Journal of Religion in Africa 2003 33 4 401 428

  • PiperJohn PiperJ.GrudemW. ‘A Vision of Biblical Complementarity: Manhood and Womanhood Defined According to the Bible’ Recovering Biblical Manhood and Womanhood: A Response to Evangelical Feminism 1991 Wheaton Crossway Books 31 59

  • SchulzDorothea ‘Dis/embodying Authority: Female Radio “Preachers” and the Ambivalences of Mass-mediated Speech in Mali’ International Journal of Middle East Studies 2012 44 1 23 43

  • SoothillJane E. Gender Social Change and Spiritual Power: Charismatic Christianity in Ghana 2007 Leiden Brill

  • SzeftelMorris ‘“Eat with Us”: Managing Corruption and Patronage Under Zambia’s Three Republics, 1964-99’ Journal of Contemporary African Studies 2000 18 2 207 224

  • TomberlinDaniel Pentecostal Sacraments: Encountering God at the Altar 2010 Cleveland, TN Pentecostal Theological Seminary

  • TomlinsonMatt Ritual Textuality: Pattern and Motion in Performance 2014 Oxford Oxford University Press

  • TurnerBryan S. IsinEngin F.TurnerBryan S. ‘Religion and Politics: The Elementary Forms of Citizenship’ Handbook of Citizenship Studies 2002 London Sage Publications 259 275

  • van KlinkenAdriaan ‘Male Headship as Male Agency: An Alternative Understanding of a “Patriarchal” African Pentecostal Discourse on Masculinity’ Religion and Gender 2011a 1 1 104 124

  • van KlinkenAdriaan ‘The Homosexual as the Antithesis of “Biblical Manhood”? Hetero-Normativity and Masculinity Politics in Zambian Pentecostal Sermons’ Journal of Gender and Religion in Africa 2011b 17 2 129 142

  • van KlinkenAdriaan ‘Men in the Remaking: Conversion Narratives and Born-Again Masculinity in Zambia’ Journal of Religion in Africa 2012 42 3 215 239

  • van KlinkenAdriaan ‘Gay Rights, the Devil and the End Times: The Enchantment of the Homosexuality Debate in Zambia’ Religion 2013a 43 4 519 540

  • van KlinkenAdriaan Transforming Masculinities in African Christianity: Gender Controversies in Times of AIDS 2013b Farnham Ashgate

  • van KlinkenAdriaan ‘Homosexuality, Politics and Pentecostal Nationalism’ Studies in World Christianity 2014 20 3 259 281

  • van KlinkenAdriaan ‘Sexual Orientation, (Anti-)discrimination and Human Rights in a “Christian Nation”: The Politicization of Homosexuality in Zambia’ Critical African Studies 2015 Published online ahead of print: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21681392.2015.1056315.

  • van KlinkenAdriaanChitandoEzra TomalinEmma ‘Masculinities, Religion and HIV in Africa’ The Routledge Handbook of Religions and Global Development 2015 London and New York Routledge 127 137

  • YongAmos In the Days of Caesar: Pentecostalism and Political Theology 2010 Grand Rapids, MI Wm. B. Eerdmans

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 61 61 6
Full Text Views 194 194 3
PDF Downloads 13 13 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0