The New Vitality of Salafism in Côte d’Ivoire: Toward a Radicalization of Ivoirian Islam?

in Journal of Religion in Africa
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This article examines recent developments of Salafism in Côte d’Ivoire by exploring how the movement has evolved over the last 25 years through its main national associations and leaders. Although the situation with regard to terrorism has changed in this country since the attack in Grand-Bassam on 13 March 2016, the intent of this article is to move beyond a reductive focus on security and counterterrorism by painting a more-nuanced portrait of one local manifestation of a global movement often reduced to violence and conflict. Far from becoming radicalized and despite increasing levels of activism, the country’s Salafi elites and main national associations have demonstrated civic engagement and opposition to terrorism. They also increased their participation in the socioeconomic arena as well as their willingness to act as a key intermediary between the Muslim community and the country’s political leadership.

The New Vitality of Salafism in Côte d’Ivoire: Toward a Radicalization of Ivoirian Islam?

in Journal of Religion in Africa

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References

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2

On 20 November 2015Islamist militants took 170 hostages and killed 20 of them in a mass shooting at the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako.

3

On 15 January 2016Islamist fighters killed dozens of people in a hotel and cafe popular with foreigners in Ouagadougou.

14

Officially recognized in 1979the aeemci represented Muslim youth educated in the secular system.

15

Officially recognized in 1991this association of Arabic-speaking Muslims represented preachers from all Islamic traditions. It also organized and coordinated activities related to da’wah.

27

Officially recognized in November 2006.

32

Gilsaa (2015) and Østebø (2012) show how young Salafis in Tanzania and Ethiopia advocate for the adoption of correct dress codes and outward appearances as important markers of the Salafi way of life.

46

In June 2016.

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