‘Their Children Might be Christians’

Initiating Fiasidi and Debating Christianity in Southeastern Ghana

in Journal of Religion in Africa
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

This article examines the ritual specialists and initiates of the three Adzima shrines in the southeastern Volta Region of Ghana and their criticism of Christianity, particularly Neo-Pentecostalist discourse that encourages adherents to sever lineage-based ties to deities and ancestors. The influence of Christianity is an issue that the Adzima shrine ritual specialists deal with on a regular basis since different types of people are drawn into hierarchical relationships with the Adzima deities through the fiasidiwo initiates. The Adzima ritual specialists have to manage shifting perspectives on the appropriate relationship between persons embedded in lineage structures and with deities, which could undermine the meanings attributed to the fiasidiwo and potentially threaten the initiates’ livelihoods.

‘Their Children Might be Christians’

Initiating Fiasidi and Debating Christianity in Southeastern Ghana

in Journal of Religion in Africa

Sections

References

AbabioAnita. 2000. ‘Trokosi, Woryokwe, Cultural and Individual Rights: A Case Study of Women’s Empowerment and Community Rights in Ghana’. m.a. dissertation International Development Studies Saint Mary’s University.

AbotchieChris. 1997. Social Control in Traditional Southern Eweland of Ghana: Relevance for Modern Crime Prevention. Accra: Ghana University Press.

AkyeampongEmmanuel. 2001. ‘History, Memory, Slave-Trade and Slavery in Anlo (Ghana)’. Slavery and Abolition 22.31-24.

AmehRobert K. 1998. ‘Trokosi (Child Slavery) in Ghana: A Policy Approach’. Ghana Studies 135-62.

AmehRobert K. 2001. ‘Child Bondage in Ghana: A Contextual Policy Analysis of Trokosi’. Ph.D. dissertation School of Criminology Simon Fraser University.

AmenumeyD.E.K. 1986. The Ewe in Pre-Colonial Times. Accra: Sedco Publishing Limited.

AmeveOsofo Kofi. n.d. The Divine Acts: Holy Scriptures for Sankofa Faith. Accra: Afrikania Renaissance Mission.

AmeveOsofo Kofi. 2002. The Origin of the Bible and Pertinent Issues. 4th edition. Accra: Afrikania Renaissance Mission.

AmoahJewel. 2007. ‘The World on Her Shoulders: The Rights of the Girl-Child in the Context of Culture and Identity’. Essex Human Rights Review 4.21-23.

Asamoah-GyaduJ.K. 2005a. African Charismatics: Current Developments within Independent Indigenous Pentecostalism in Ghana. Studies of Religion in Africa 27. Leiden: Brill.

Asamoah-GyaduJ.K. 2005b. ‘Anointing Through the Screen: Neo-Pentecostalism and Televised Christianity in Ghana’. Studies in World Christianity 11.19-28.

Asamoah-GyaduJ.K. 2009. ‘African Traditional Religion, Pentecostalism, and the Clash of Spiritualties in Ghana’. In Stewart Hoover and Nadia Kaneva (eds.) Fundamentalism and the Media. New York: Bloomsbury Academic161-178.

BalesKevin. 2005. New Slavery: A Reference Handbook. Second Edition. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Inc.

BeattieJohn. 1980. ‘The Self in Traditional Africa’. Africa 50.3313-320.

BialeckiJon and Girish Daswani. 2015. ‘What is an Individual? The View from Christianity’. HUA: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 5.1271-294.

BoatenAbayie B. 2001. ‘The Trokosi System in Ghana: Discrimination against Women and Children’. In Apollo Rwomire (ed.) African Women and Children: Crisis and Response. Westport: Praeger Publishers91-104.

BoddyJanice. 1998. ‘Afterword: Embodying Ethnography’. In Michael Lambek and Andrew Strathern (eds.) Bodies and Persons: Comparative Perspectives from Africa and Melanesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press252-273.

CarstenJanet. 2004. After Kinship: New Departures in Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

ColemanSimon. 2011. ‘Negotiating Personhood in African Christianities’. Journal of Religion in Africa 41.3243-255.

ComaroffJean and John L. Comaroff. 1991. Of Revelation and Revolution Volume 1. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

ComaroffJean and John L. Comaroff. 2001. ‘On Personhood: An Anthropological Perspective from Africa’. Social Identities 7.2267-283.

ComaroffJean and John L. Comaroff (eds.) 1993. Modernity and its Malcontents: Ritual and Power in Postcolonial Africa. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

DaswaniGirish. 2011. ‘(In-)Dividual Pentecostals in Ghana’. Journal of Religion in Africa 41.3256-279.

de WitteMarleene. 2003. ‘Altar Media’s Living Word: Televised Charismatic Christianity in Ghana’. Journal of Religion in Africa 33.2172-202.

de WitteMarleene. 2004. ‘Afrikania’s Dilemma: Reframing African Authenticity in a Christian Public Sphere’. Etnofoor 17.1/2133-155.

de WitteMarleene. 2008. ‘Spirit Media: Charismatics, Traditionalists, and Mediation Practices in Ghana’. Ph.D. dissertation Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences University of Amsterdam.

DovloElom and A.K. Adzoyi. 1995. Report on Trokosi Institution. Legon: Department for the Study of Religions, University of Ghana. Report Commissioned by International Needs Ghana.

EngelkeMatthew. 2010. ‘Past Pentecostalism: Notes on Rupture, Realignment, and Everyday Life in Pentecostalism and African Independent Churches’. Africa 80.2177-199.

EnglundHarri. 2000. ‘The Dead Hand of Human Rights: Contrasting Christianities in Post-Transition Malawi’. The Journal of Modern African Studies 38.4579-603.

EnglundHarri and J. Leach. 2000. ‘Ethnography and the Meta-Narratives of Modernity’. Current Anthropology 41.2225-248.

FardonRichard. 1990. Between God the Dead and the Wild: Chamba Interpretations of Ritual and Religion. International African Library 8. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

FiawooD.K. 1959. ‘The Influences of Contemporary Social Changes on the Magico-Religious Concepts and Organisation of the Southern Ewe-Speaking Peoples of Ghana’. Ph.D. dissertation University of Edinburgh.

FiawooD.K. 1974. ‘Ewe lineage and kinship: Sub-ethnic group variations’. In C. Oppong (ed.) Legon Family Research Papers No. 1: Domestic Rights and Duties in Southern Ghana. Legon: Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana.

FriedsonS.M. 2010. Remains of Ritual: Northern gods in a Southern Land. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

GabaC.R. 1965. ‘Anlo Traditional Religion: A Study of the Anlo Traditional Believer’s Conception of and Communion with the “Holy”’ . Ph.D. dissertation University of London.

GabaC.R. 1968. ‘Sacrifice in Anlo Religion: Part 1’. The Ghana Bulletin of Theology 3.513-19.

GeurtsKathryn Linn. 2002. Culture and the Senses: Bodily Ways of Knowing in an African Community. Berkeley: University of California Press .

GeschierePeter. 1997. The Modernity of Witchcraft: Politics and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.

GiffordPaul. 1998. African Christianity: Its Public Role. London: C. Hurst & Co.

GiffordPaul. 2004. Ghana’s New Christianity: Pentecostalism in a Globalising African Economy. London: C. Hurst & Co.

GreeneSandra E. 1996. Gender Ethnicity and Social Change on the Upper Slave Coast: A History of the Anlo-Ewe. London: James Currey Ltd.

GyanfosuSamuel. 1995. ‘The Development of Christian-Related Independent Religious Movements in Ghana, with Special Reference to the Afrikania Movement’. Ph.D. dissertation University of Leeds.

GyanfosuSamuel. 2002. ‘A Traditional Religion Reformed: Vincent Kwabena Damuah and the Afrikania Movement, 1982-2000’. In David James Maxwell and Ingrid Lawrie (eds.) Christianity and the African Imagination: Essays in Honour of Adrian Hastings. Leiden: Brill271-294.

GyekyeK. 1995. An Essay on African Philosophical Thought: The Akan Conceptual Scheme. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

HackettRosalind I. 1998. ‘Charismatic/Pentecostal Appropriation of Media Technologies in Nigeria and Ghana’. Journal of Religion in Africa 28.3258-277.

HannerzUlf. 1987. ‘The World in Creolisation’. Africa 57.4546-559.

HertzfeldBeth. 2002. ‘Slavery and Gender: Women’s Double Exploitation’. Gender and Development 10.150-55.

International Needs Network. 2008. www.innetwork.org. Accessed May 20 2008.

JacksonMichael. 1982. Allegories of the Wilderness. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

JenkinsJulie A. 2012. ‘ “Wives of the Gods”: Debating Fiasidi and the Politics of Meaning’. Ph.D. dissertation Department of Anthropology University of Sussex.

LarbiE.K. 2001. Pentecostalism: The Eddies of Ghanaian Christianity. Accra: Centre Pentecostal Charismatic Studies.

LiPumaEdward. 1998. ‘Modernity and Forms of Personhood in Melanesia’. In Michael Lambek and Andrew Strathern (eds.) Bodies and Persons: Comparative Perspectives from Africa and Melanesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press53-79.

LovellNadia. 2002. Cord of Blood: Possession and the Making of Voodoo. London: Pluto Press.

MarshallRuth. 2009. Political Spiritualities: the Pentecostal Revolution in Nigeria. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

MasinaN. 2000. ‘Xhosa practices of ubuntu for South Africa’. In I.W. Zartman (ed.) Traditional Cures for Modern Conflicts: African Conflict ‘Medicine’. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers69-181.

MasquelierAdeline. 2001. Prayer has spoiled everything: Possession Power and Identity in an Islamic town of Niger. Durham, NC:Duke University Press.

MbitiJ.S. 1990 [1970]. African Religions & Philosophy. London: Heinemann.

MiersSusanne. 2003. Slavery in the Twentieth Century: The Evolution of a Global Problem. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

MeyerBirgit. 1992. ‘ “If You are a Devil, You are a Witch and, if You are a Witch, You are a Devil”: The Integration of “Pagan” Ideas into the Conceptual Universe of Ewe Christians in Southeastern Ghana’. Journal of Religion in Africa 22.298-132.

MeyerBirgit. 1998. ‘ “Make a Complete Break with the Past”: Memory and Post-colonial in Ghanaian Pentecostal Discourse’. Journal of Religion in Africa 28.3316-349.

MeyerBirgit. 1999a. Translating the Devil: Religion and Modernity among the Ewe in Ghana. International African Library 21. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

MeyerBirgit. 1999b. ‘Popular Ghanaian Cinema and “African Heritage” ’. Africa Today 46.293-114.

MeyerBirgit. 2003. ‘Ghanaian Popular Cinema and the Magic in and of Film’. In Birgit Meyer and Peter Pels (eds.) Magic and Modernity: Interfaces of Revelation and Concealment. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press200-222.

MeyerBirgit. 2004a. ‘Christianity in Africa: From African Independent to Pentecostal-Charismatic Churches’. Annual Review of Anthropology 33447-474.

MeyerBirgit. 2004b.  ‘“Praise the Lord”: Popular Cinema and Pentecostalite Style in Ghana’s New Public Sphere’. American Ethnologist 31.192-110.

MeyerBirgit. 2005. ‘Mediating Tradition: Pentecostal Pastors, African Priests, and Chiefs in Ghanaian Popular Films’. In Toyin Falola (ed.) Christianity and Social Change in Africa: Essays in Honor of J.D.Y. Peel. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press275-306.

Missions International. 2009. http://titianministries.com/. Accessed January 16 2009.

MoskoMark. 2010. ‘Partible Penitents: Dividual Personhood and Christian Practice in Melanesia and the West’. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 16.2215-240.

NrenzahG.2015. ‘Modernizing Indigenous Priesthood and Revitalizing Old Shrines: Current Developments on Ghana’s Religious Landscape’. Ph.D. dissertation Bayreuth International Graduate School of African Studies University of Bayreuth.

NukunyaG.K. 1997. ‘The Land and the People’. In F. Agbodeka (ed.) A Handbook of Eweland Volume 1: The Ewes of Southeastern Ghana. Accra: Woeli Publishing Services8-13.

NukunyaG.K. and S.K. Kwafo. 1998. Report on De-Criminalising Trokosi: A Research Into the Nature and Operations of Ritual Enslavement in South Eastern Ghana. Accra: National Population Council.

OmenyoC.N. 2005. ‘From the Fringes to the Centre: Pentecostalization of the Mainline Churches in Ghana’. Exchange 34.139-60.

OuroussoffA. 1993. ‘Illusions of Rationality: False Premises of the Liberal Tradition’. Man 28.2281-298.

PattersonOrlando. 1982. Slavery and Social Death. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

PiotCharles. 1999. Remotely Global: Village Modernity in West Africa. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

PiotCharles. 2010. Nostalgia for the Future: West Africa after the Cold War. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

PiotCharles. 2011. ‘The “Right” to be Trafficked’. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 18.1199-210.

RangerTerence O. 1986. ‘Religious Movements and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa’. African Studies Review 29.21-69.

RangerTerence O. 1993. ‘The Local and the Global in Southern African Religious History’. In Robert W. Hefner (ed.) Conversion to Christianity: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on a Great Transformation. Berkeley: University of California Press65-98.

RiesmanPaul. 1986. ‘The Person and the Life Cycle in African Social Life and Thought’. African Studies Review 29.271-198.

RobbinsJoel. 2004. Becoming sinners: Christianity & Moral Torment in a Papua New Guinea Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.

RosenthalJudy. 1998. Possession Ecstasy and Law in Ewe Voodoo. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.

SahlinsMarshall. 2011a. ‘What kinship is (part one)’. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 17.12-19.

SahlinsMarshall. 2011b. ‘What kinship is (part two)’. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 17.2227-242.

ShawRosalind. 1990. ‘The Invention of “African Traditional Religion” ’. Religion 20.4339-353.

ShortEmile. 1995. ‘Trokosi: Legal or Illegal’. In 1st National Workshop on Trokosi System in Ghana Report: ‘Trokosi System: Anathema to Women and Children’s Rights’. Accra: International Needs Ghana.

SpiroMelford E. 1993. ‘Is the Western Conception of the Self “Peculiar” within the Context of the World Cultures?’ Ethos 21.2107-153.

SteegstraMarijke. 2004. Resilient Rituals: Krobo Initiation and the Politics of Culture in Ghana. Munster: Lit Verlag.

StrathernM. 1988. The Gender of the Gift: Problems with Women and Problems with Society in Melanesia. Berkeley: University of California Press.

van DijkRijk. 2001a. ‘Time and Transcultural Technologies of the Self in the Ghanaian Pentecostal Diaspora’. In André Corten and Ruth Marshall-Fratani (eds.) Between Babel and Pentecost: Transnational Pentecostalism in Africa and Latin America. Bloomington: Indiana University Press216-234.

van DijkRijk. 2001b. ‘Contesting Silence: The Ban on Drumming and the Musical Politics of Pentecostalism in Ghana’. Ghana Studies 431-64.

van DijkRijk. 2002. ‘Religion, Reciprocity and Restructuring Family Responsibility in the Ghanaian Pentecostal Diaspora’. In Deborah Fahy Bryceson and Ulla Vuorela (eds.) The Transnational Family: New European Frontiers and Global Networks. Oxford: Berg173-196.

WendlTobias Maria. 2007. ‘Wicked Villagers and the Mysteries of Reproduction: An Exploration of Horror Movies from Ghana and Nigeria’. Postcolonial Text 3.21-21.

WerbnerRichard. 2011. ‘The Charismatic Dividual and the Sacred Self’. Journal of Religion in Africa 41.2180-205.

WisdomMark. 1984a. ‘Abolition of Outmoded Customs’. Daily Graphic. August 28.

WisdomMark. 1984b. ‘Abolition of Outmoded Customs’. Daily Graphic. August 27.

WisdomMark. 1995. ‘The Legal and the Historical Aspect of Trokosi System’. In Seminar on Trokosi System at Ada. Fetish Slaves Liberation MovementDecember 14.

WisdomMark. 2001. The Trokosi System. Accra: Mercury Press Ltd.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 34 34 14
Full Text Views 82 82 51
PDF Downloads 10 10 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0