Believing and Belonging: The Aesthetics of Media Representations of Islam and Muslims in Britain and Its Relationship to British Civil Religion

in Journal of Religion in Europe
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Increasingly, debates are dealing with the integration and the compatibility of Islam with British values and society. Media narratives are used to conceptualise Islam in Britain. The existing protocols of religion, media, and public space characterise that environment, as well as dictating the participation of members in that space. This paper discusses how media constructions of Islam are linked to civil religion. It does so by discussing: (1) how the media’s protocols of public discourse affect the framing of religious identities; (2) how the media defines the aesthetic parameters of religious expression; (3) how the conceptualisation(s) of civil religion are used to regulate Islam in Britain. This study utilises a qualitative content analysis of media frames. Findings suggest that the aesthetic elements (media representations of Islam and Muslims) regulate Islam and Muslims through the codes and conventions (civil religion) of British society.

Believing and Belonging: The Aesthetics of Media Representations of Islam and Muslims in Britain and Its Relationship to British Civil Religion

in Journal of Religion in Europe

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51

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55

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56

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57

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63

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64

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65

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67

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71

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73

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74

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77

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78

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81

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83

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85

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88

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93

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97

Cinnirella“Think ‘Terrorist’” 180.

99

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102

 E.g. Doris A. GraberProcessing the News: How People Tame the Information Tide (New York: Longman1988); Shanto Iyengar “Television News and Citizens’ Explanations of National Affairs” American Political Science Review 81/3 (1987) 815–831; Shanto Iyengar & Adam Simon “News Coverage of the Gulf Crisis and Public Opinion: A Study of Agenda-­Setting Priming and Framing” Communication Research 20/3 (1993) 365–383; Pippa Norris “The Restless Searchlight: Network News Framing of the Post-Cold War World” Political Communication 12/4 (1995) 357–370.

103

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106

Janet S. Fink“Female Athletes and the Media: Strides and Stalemates,” Journal of Physical Education Recreation & Dance 69/6 (1998) 37–40; Pedersen “Examining Equity.”

108

John HargreavesSport Power and Culture: A Social and Historical Analysis of Popular Sports in Britain (Cambridge: Polity Press1986); Edward McGregor “Mass Media and Sport: Influences on the Public” Physical Educator 46/1 (1989) 52–55; Pedersen “Examining Equity.”

109

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114

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116

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118

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119

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120

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124

 See respectively Neil Sears“The Saudi Princess’ Accused of £14m Swindle,” Daily Mail6 July 2013. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2356768/Woman-insists-shes-Saudi-princess-sued-14m-following-claims-fraudster-tricked-London-tycoon-property-scam-worth-millions.html (accessed 14 March 2017); Ian Black “General Abdel Fattah El-Sisi: Top Brass Ready to Defend the People” The Guardian 2 July 2013. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/02/general-abdel-fattah-sisi-profile (accessed 14 March 2017); Kunal Dutta “Met Chief Calls for Calm after Islamic School Attack” The Independent 9 June 2013. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/met-chief-calls-for-calm-after-fire-at-islamic-boarding-school-in-chislehurst-8651065.html (accessed 14 March 2017).

125

 See respectively Jon Boone“Concerns over Online Qur’an Teaching as Ex-Pakistan Militants Instruct Pupils,” The Guardian18 June 2013. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/17/online-quran-teaching-pakistan (accessed 14 March 2017); Jason Burke “Bangladesh Factory Collapse Leaves Trail of Shattered Lives” The Guardian 6 June 2013. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/06/bangladesh-factory-building-collapse-community (accessed 14 March 2017).

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Max Hastings“Enemy within That Hates Our Tolerance,” Daily Mail24 May 2013. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2329959/Drummer-Lee-Rigby-killing-The-enemy-hates-tolerance-MAX-HASTINGS.html (accessed 14 March 2017).

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