Looking for a Safe Place

Security and Transnational Somali Muslim families

in Journal of Religion in Europe
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This article explores human security from the perspective of those who live under the securitization and governance of Islam, i.e. Muslims themselves. I focus on one hand on the insecurities and threats that have been identified by Somali Muslims in the diaspora, and on the other hand on their means for managing insecurity and creating a sense of safety. The challenges, opportunities and experiences of the Somali diaspora are linked to the histories of immigration and race in different settlement countries, and also to global discourses and policies on Islam and Muslims. The experiences of Canadian Somalis will serve as a mirror on the situation in Europe, in particular the Nordic country of Finland, where both similarities and differences may be found.

Looking for a Safe Place

Security and Transnational Somali Muslim families

in Journal of Religion in Europe

Sections

References

BaderVeit. “The Governance of Islam in Europe: The Perils of ModellingJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 33 (2007): 871886.

Berns-McGownRima. “I Am Canadian.” Challenging Stereotypes about Young Somali Canadians. IRPP Study No. 38. Montreal, Quebec: IRPP2013.

———. Muslims in the Diaspora. The Somali Communities of London and Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press1999.

ByrneSiobhan. “Framing post-9/11 security: A feminist analysis of the securitization of the Canadian state and the experiences of Canadian Muslim communities” Annual meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association University of British Columbia Vancouver June 4–6 2008.

CharronMathieu. Neighbourhood Characteristics and the Distribution of Police-reported Crime in the City of Toronto. Crime and Justice Research Paper Series. Ottawa: Statistics Canada2009.

DoolittleRobyn & DonovanKevin. “Rob Ford in ‘crack cocaine’ video scandalToronto Star May 16 2013.

EnglishKathy. “Star overdid ‘Somali’ references in the first report of drug dealers peddling Rob Ford crack video: Public EditorToronto Star May 242013.

European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (eu-midis). Main Results Report. European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2009.

FloydRita. ”Human Security and the Copenhagen School’s Securitization Approach: Conceptualizing Human Security as a Securitizing MoveHuman Security Journal 5 (2007) 2846.

HampsonFen Osler. “Human Security” in WiliamsPaul D. (ed.) Security Studies: An Introduction229243. London and New York: Routledge2008.

HickmanMary J.ThomasLynSilvestriSara & NickelsHenri. ‘Suspect Communities’? Counter-terrorism policy the press and the impact on Irish and Muslim communities in Britain. A Report for Policy Makers and the General Public. London Metropolitan University2011.

KilpiElina. The education of children of immigrants in Finland. DPhil. University of Oxford2010.

MartikainenTuomas. “Finland” in NielsenJørgen S.AkgönülSamimAlibašićAhmet & RačiusEgdūnas (eds.) Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Vol. 5237246. Leiden: Brill2013.

McDonoughSheila & HoodfarHoma. “Muslims in Canada: From Ethnic Groups to Religious Community” in BramadatPaul & SeljakDavid (eds.) Religion and Ethnicity in Canada 133–153. Toronto: University of Toronto Press2009.

MenkhausKen. ”Stabilisation and humanitarian access in a collapsed state: the Somali caseDisasters 34/S3 (2010) S320S341.

Ministry of the Interior. “Towards a Cohesive Society. Action Plan to Prevent Violent Extremism” Ministry of the Interior Publications Helsinki 28/2012.

MyrskyläPekka. “Maahanmuutto ja nuorten syrjäytymisriskit pääkaupunkiseudulla” [Migration and risks for youth marginalization in greater Helsinki area] Kvartti Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskuksen neljännesvuosijulkaisu [Quarterly City of Helsinki Urban Facts Magazine] 2 (2012) 1422.

PagliaroJennifer. “Toronto Somalis say they were victimized by police in Dixon Road raidsThe Star June 18 2013.

ResearchPew. Religion & Public Life Project, The Future of the Global Muslim Population January 27 (2011). http://www.pewforum.org/2011/01/27/the-future-of-the-global-muslim-population/ (accessed 22 June 2014).

ChangePositive. “Grieving mothers take their message of peace to Parliament Hill” press release November 17 2013. http://positivechangeto.com/ (accessed October 29 2014).

Poverty by Postal Code. The Geography of Neighborhood Poverty. City of Toronto 1981–2001. A report prepared jointly by United Way of Greater Toronto and the Canadian Council on Social Development. United Way of Greater Toronto 2004.

RankinJim & WinsaPatty. “Unequal justice: Aboriginal and black inmates disproportionately fill Ontario jailsThe Star March 12013.

Sakinah Community Centre. http://sakinahcenter.com/ (accessed June 22 2014).

SmithSydney. International Media Ethics News Daily Media Pick June 1 2013.

Somalis in Helsinki. Somalis in European Cities. At Home in Europe. New York, London: Open Society Foundations2013.

SpyropoulosJim. “Task Force to Examine the Achievement of Somali-Speaking Students. Research Summary” Toronto District School Board unpublished presentation on February 19 2013.

CanadaStatistics. National Household Survey (nhs) profile Canada 2011. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=PR&Code1=01&Data=Count&SearchText=Canada&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=All&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1 (accessed 26 June 2014).

FinlandStatistics. Population Structure: Language according to age and sex by region 1990–2013 http://193.166.171.75/database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/vaerak_en.asp (accessed 26 June 2014).

TiilikainenMarja. “Illness, Healing and Everyday Islam: Transnational Lives of Somali Migrant Women” in DessingNathal M.JeldtoftNadiaNielsenJørgen S. & WoodheadLindaEveryday Lived Islam in Europe147162. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate2013.

TiilikainenMarja.“It’s Just Like the Internet: Transnational Healing Practices between Somaliland and the Somali Diaspora” in DilgerHansjörgKaneAbdoulaye & LangwickStacey A. (eds.) Medicine Mobility and Power in Global Africa: Transnational Health and Healing271294. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press2012.

TiilikainenMarja. Arjen islam: Somalinaisten elämää Suomessa [Everyday Islam: The Life of Somali Women in Finland]. Tampere: Vastapaino2003.

VerhoevenHarry. “The self-fulfilling prophecy of failed states: Somalia, state collapse and the Global War on TerrorJournal of Eastern African Studies 3/3 (2009) 405425.

WæverOle. ”Securitization and Desecuritization” in LipschutzRonnie D. (ed.) On Security 46–86. New York: Columbia University Press1995.

WalkerBarrington (ed.). The History of Immigration and Racism in Canada: Essential Readings. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press2008.

2

Kathy English“Star overdid ‘Somali’ references in the first report of drug dealers peddling Rob Ford crack video: Public Editor,” Toronto Star May 24 (2013).

4

Jennifer Pagliaro“Toronto Somalis say they were victimized by police in Dixon Road raids,” Toronto StarJune 18 (2013).

5

Barrington Walker (ed.)The History of Immigration and Racism in Canada: Essential Readings (Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press2008).

7

Harry Verhoeven“The self-fulfilling prophecy of failed states: Somalia, state collapse and the Global War on Terror,” Journal of Eastern African Studies 3/3 (2009) 405–425.

8

 E.g. Ken Menkhaus“Stabilisation and humanitarian access in a collapsed state: the Somali case,” Disasters 34/S3 (2010) S320–S341.

10

Rita Floyd“Human Security and the Copenhagen School’s Securitization Approach: Conceptualizing Human Security as a Securitizing Move,” Human Security Journal 5 (2007) 28–46; Fen Osler Hampson “Human Security” in Paul D. Wiliams (ed.) Security Studies: An Introduction (London and New York: Routledge 2008) 229–243.

11

Veit Bader“The Governance of Islam in Europe: The Perils of Modelling,” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 33 (2007): 871–886.

22

Barrington Walker (ed.)The History of Immigration and Racism in Canada: Essential Readings (Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press2008) 238.

23

Jim Rankin & Patty Winsa“Unequal justice: Aboriginal and black inmates disproportionately fill Ontario jails,” Toronto Star March 1 (2013).

25

Rima Berns McGownMuslims in the Diaspora. The Somali Communities of London and Toronto (Toronto: University of Toronto Press1999); Marja Tiilikainen Arjen islam: Somalinaisten elämää Suomessa [Everyday Islam: The Life of Somali Women in Finland] (Tampere: Vastapaino 2003).

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 21 21 12
Full Text Views 71 71 51
PDF Downloads 6 6 4
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0