Media and New Religious Movements in Japan

in Journal of Religion in Japan
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Many modern new religions in Japan, by using the mass media in their missionary work, managed to increase their influence on society in a very short time. With time, their use of media has also diversified, now covering all available formats: newspapers and journals, radio and TV, CS and video, the Internet and even smart phones. One of the characteristics of modern new religions is that they are associations composed of people bound by a common purpose rather than by shared blood or territory on which the traditional religions of Shrine Shintō and Sectarian Buddhism were established. It is this new principle of association that allowed new religions such as Sōka Gakkai, Risshō Kōseikai, Reiyūkai, Tenrikyō and Shinnyoen to quickly gain more than a million followers. In the mid-1990s, Japan entered the rapid information age, marked especially by the widespread use of the Internet. However, the changes that the Internet has brought to society differ from those provoked by the earlier modernization process. In this paper, I would like to discuss some of the difficulties that modern new religions face in the Internet age, particularly in the management of new forms of information that can now be sent and received.



BaffelliErica “Mass Media and Religion in Japan: Mediating the Leader’s Image” Westminster Paper in Communication and Culture 2007 4 1 83 99

BaffelliErica ReaderIanStaemmlerBirgit Japanese Religions on the Internet: Innovation, Representation, and Authority 2011 New York and Abingdon Routledge

EnomotoKaoru榎本香織 “Shūkyō saito ni okeru CMC kūkan no shōsō ni tsuite 宗教サイトにおけるCMC空間の諸相について” Tōkyō daigaku shūkyōgaku nenpō 東京大学宗教学年報 2004 21 67 83

GardnerRichard A. KisalaRobert J.MullinsMark R. “Aum and the Media: Lost in the Cosmo and the Need to Know” Religion and Social Crisis in Japan: Understanding Japanese Society through the Aum Affair 2001 New York Palgrave 133 162

IkegamiYoshimasa池上良正NakamakiHirochika 中牧弘允 Jōhō jidai wa shūkyō o kaeru ka: Dento shūkyō kara Oumu Shinrikyō made 情報時代は宗教を変えるか―伝統宗教からオウム真理教まで 1996 Tokyo Kōbundō

InoueNobutaka 井上順孝 Contemporary Japanese Religion 2000 Tokyo Foreign Press Center/Japan

InoueNobutaka井上順孝 Japanese College Students’ Attitudes Towards Religion 2003 Tokyo Kokugakuin University

InoueNobutaka井上順孝 IT jidai no shūkyō o kangaeru IT時代の宗教を考える 2003 Kyoto Hōzōkan

InoueNobutaka井上順孝 BeyerPeterBeamanLori “Globalization and Religion: The Cases of Japan and Korea” Religion, Globalization, and Culture 2007a Leiden Brill 453 462

InoueNobutaka 井上順孝 “Intānetto ga shūkyōkai ni motarasu mono インターネットが宗教界にもたらすもの.” Gurōbaruka no naka no shūkyō グローバル化のなかの宗教, ed. Sumihara Noriya 住原則也 2007b Kyoto Sekai Shisōsha 2 21

InoueNobutaka 井上順孝 NaokiWatanabe渡邊直樹 “Shūkyō o kaitai shite iku eizō media 宗教を解体していく映像メディア” Shūkyō to gendai ga wakaru hon 2010 宗教と現代がわかる本 2010 2010 Tokyo Heibonsha 26 31

Shūkyō KenkyūjoKokusaiNobutakaInoue 国際宗教研究所・井上順孝 Intānetto jidai no shūkyō インターネット時代の宗教 2000 Tokyo Shinshokan

KurosakiHiroyuki黒崎浩行 shūkyō kenkyūjoKokusaiNobutakaInoue “Intānetto no shūkyō jōhō no genjō インターネットの宗教情報の現状” Intānetto jidai no shūkyō インターネット時代の宗教 2000a Tokyo Shinshokan 177 194 国際宗教研究所・井上順孝

KurosakiHiroyuki黒崎浩行 “Nihon shūkyō ni okeru intānetto riyō no shakaiteki bunmyaku 日本宗教におけるインターネット利用の社会的文脈.” Kokugakuin daigaku nihon bunka kenkyūjo kiyō 國學院大學日本文化研究所紀要 2000b 85 579 592

Religious Information Research Center Jōhō jidai no Oumu Shinrikyō 情報時代のオウム真理教 2011 Tokyo Shunjusha

TsukadaHotaka塚田穂高 “Kōfuku jitsugentō to wa nandatta no ka 幸福実現党とはなんだったのか” Rāku Dayori ラーク便り 2010 45 43 59

TsukadaHotaka塚田穂高 “Jikenmae no ‘Oumu ron’ shoseki to gakujutsu kenkyū: Jānarizumu kara shūkyō kenkyū made 事件前の「オウム論」書籍と学術研究―ジャーナリズムから宗教研究まで” Jōhō jidai no Oumu Shinrikyō 情報時代のオウム真理教, 2011 Tokyo Shunjusha 284 304


At the time of sarin gas incident in 1995, some newspapers reported that the average age of the core members of the group was twenty-six.


In 1999, two new laws were enacted which legalized surveillance of Aum Shinrikyō activities. The laws are to be reviewed every five years. They were not abolished on the occasion of their first review in 2011.


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 16 16 4
Full Text Views 5 5 5
PDF Downloads 1 1 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0