Reformational Ressourcement?

T.F. Torrance’s Calvin’s Doctrine of Man in Light of the Barth-Brunner Debate

in Journal of Reformed Theology
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Scholars have recognized T.F. Torrance as a ressourcement thinker in his later work while overlooking his earlier historical studies. In this article, I argue that in Calvin’s Doctrine of Man (1949) Torrance presents a rereading of Calvin in order to advance contemporary theological understanding and facilitate the reception of Karl Barth in postwar Scotland. In that work, Torrance attempts to resolve the debate between Brunner and Barth over natural theology by reinterpreting Calvin’s anthropology. Torrance accounts for Brunner’s claims regarding Calvin’s complex use and understanding of the imago dei while ultimately affirming Barth’s rejection of natural theology.

Reformational Ressourcement?

T.F. Torrance’s Calvin’s Doctrine of Man in Light of the Barth-Brunner Debate

in Journal of Reformed Theology

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References

2

MettepenningenNouvelle Théologie10–13; Gabriel Flynn “Introduction: The Twentieth-Century Renaissance in Catholic Theology” in Ressourcement ed. Gabriel Flynn and P.D. Murray (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2012) 5.

3

John McDade“Epilogue: ‘Ressourcement’ in Retrospect,” in Ressourcemented. Gabriel Flynn and P.D. Murray (Oxford: Oxford University Press2012) 517.

5

Webster“Ressourcement Theology and Protestantism” 488.

6

Thomas F. TorranceThe Trinitarian Faith: The Evangelical Theology of the Ancient Catholic Church (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark1988). Myk Habets makes a similar claim in his critical introduction to the most recent edition of the work. Thomas F. Torrance The Trinitarian Faith: The Evangelical Theology of the Ancient Catholic Faith 2nd ed. (London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark 2016).

7

Emil Brunner“Nature and Grace,” in Natural Theologyed. John Baillie trans. Peter Fraenkel (Eugene: Wipf & Stock2002) 35–50; Karl Barth “No! Answer to Emil Brunner” in Natural Theology ed. John Baillie trans. Peter Fraenkel (Eugene: Wipf & Stock 2002) 94–109.

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Brunner“Nature and Grace” 23.

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Brunner“Nature and Grace” 24.

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Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 76.

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Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 79.

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Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 93–94.

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Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 79–83.

20

See Karl Barth“The First Commandment as an Axiom of Theology,” in The Way of Theology in Karl Barthed. H. Martin Rumscheidt (Allison Parl PA: Pickwick Publications 1986).

21

Brunner“Nature and Grace” 37.

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Brunner“Nature and Grace” 38.

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Brunner“Nature and Grace” 41.

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Brunner“Nature and Grace” 43.

25

Brunner“Nature and Grace” 42.

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HartKarl Barth vs. Emil Brunner149–169.

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Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 99–100.

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Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 105–106.

29

Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 107.

30

Barth“No! Answer to Emil Brunner” 109.

32

Alec Cheyne“The Baillie Brothers: A Biographical Introduction,” in Christ Church and Society: Essays on John Baillie and D. Donald Baillieed. David Fergusson (T. & T. Clark 1993) 34–35.

33

Cheyne“The Baillie Brothers: A Biographical Introduction” 33–35.

34

John BaillieOur Knowledge of God (London: Oxford University Press1939).

35

David Fergusson“John Baillie: Orthodox Liberal,” in Christ Church and Society: Essays on John Baillie and D. Donald Baillieed. David Fergusson (T. & T. Clark 1993) 143.

36

John Baillie ed.“Introduction,” in Natural Theology: Comprising “Nature and Grace” by Professor Dr. Emil Brunner and the reply “No!” by Dr. Karl Barthtrans. Peter Fraenkel (London: Centenary1946) 5–12.

37

Alister E. McGrathT.F. Torrance: An Intellectual Biography (Edinburgh: T & T Clark2006) 87–90.

39

Thomas F. Torrance“The Word of God and the Nature of Man,” in Reformation Old and New A Tribute to Karl Barth. ed. F.W. Camfield (London: Lutterworth Press1947) 121–141.

41

John McConnachie“Reformation Issues To-Day,” in Reformation Old and New: A Tribute to Karl Barth. ed. F.W. Camfield (London: Lutterworth Press1947) 106.

42

McGrathT.F. Torrance44–45.

43

McGrathT.F. Torrance58.

45

Torrance“The Word of God and the Nature of Man” 121.

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McGrathT.F. Torrance80.

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Thomas F. TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man (London: Lutterworth Press1949) 7.

49

TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man7.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man9.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man7.

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MullerThe Unaccommodated Calvin12–13; Richard A. Muller “The Barth Legacy: New Athanasius or Origen Redivivus? A Response to T.F. Torrance” The Thomist: A Speculative Quarterly Review 54 no. 4 (October 1 1990).

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man7.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man36–37.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man39; citing Calvin’s Commentary on Gen 1:26.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man42.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man42.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man42.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man45.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man65–66 67 69 71.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man85. Italics in original.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man88. Italics in original.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man88–89.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man90.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man94.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man106–107. Italics in original.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man113.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man114.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man157.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man101 160.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man157 164.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man164.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man167.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man171–172.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man132. Italics in original.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man175.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man178.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man110–112.

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TorranceCalvin’s Doctrine of Man107.

82

Andrew Louth“French Ressourcement Theology and Orthodoxy: A Living Mutual Relationship,” in Ressourcemented. Gabriel Flynn and P.D. Murray (Oxford: Oxford University Press2012) 495–507.

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