The Scourge of Jesus and the Roman Scourge

Historical and Archaeological Evidence

in Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

According to the Gospels, Jesus suffered the flagellation before his crucifixion. The texts do not clarify the form and materials of the scourge that was utilized. Since the beginnings of the modern era, several commentators have speculated about the scourge’s form, on the basis of the Greek-Roman literary evidence and with reference to flagellation relics. In the last few centuries, scholars have provided new indications that are exemplified in great dictionaries and encyclopedic works of Greek-Roman archaeology and antiquities, as well as in the consultation works available to biblical scholars. However, a close re-examination of the whole evidence compels us to dismiss nearly all data and to conclude that we know almost nothing about the materials and form of the scourge used at Jesus’ time.

The Scourge of Jesus and the Roman Scourge

Historical and Archaeological Evidence

in Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus

Sections

Figures

  • View in gallery

    Herbert Haag and Adrian van dem Born, Bibel-Lexikon (Einsiedeln, Benziger, 1956), p. 527.

  • View in gallery

    Alfonso Paleotti and Daniele Mallonio, Iesu Christi crucifixi stigmata Sacrae Sindoni impressa (Venetiis: apud Baretium, 1606), p. 68.

  • View in gallery

    Rome, Musei Capitolini, Inventario Sculture, s 1207.

  • View in gallery

    Anthony Rich, Dictionnaire des antiquités romaines et grecques (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1859), p. 273.

  • View in gallery

    Napoli, Museo Archeologico Nazionale, n. 69500.

  • View in gallery

    Sarcophagus, particular: Rome, Musei Capitolini, inv. s 260.

  • View in gallery

    Charles Victor Daremberg and Edmond Saglio (eds.), Dictionnaire des antiquités grecques et romaines, ii.2 (Paris: Hachette, 1896), p. 928, fig. 1197.

  • View in gallery

    Avignon, Musée Calvet, Bas-relief de Maraudy.

  • View in gallery

    Naples, Museo Archeologico Nazionale, inv. 6687.

  • View in gallery

    Sarcophagus of Aelia Afanasia, in Rome, Museo Classico delle Catacombe di Pretestato, inv. pcas Pre 273.

  • View in gallery

    El Jem, mosaic flooring.

  • View in gallery

    Louis Perret, Catacombes de Rome, iv (Paris: Gide et Baudry, 1852), plate xiv.

  • View in gallery

    Anthony Rich, Dictionnaire des antiquités romaines et grecques (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1859), p. 273.

  • View in gallery

    Anne-Claude-Philippe de Tubières, Recueil d’antiquités égyptiennes, étrusques, grecques, romaines et gauloises, supplément, vii (Paris: Tilliard, 1767), planche lvii.

  • View in gallery

    Anne-Claude-Philippe de Tubières, Recueil d’antiquités égyptiennes, étrusques, grecques, romaines et gauloises, supplément, vii (Paris: Tilliard, 1767), planche lvii.

  • View in gallery

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Département des monnaies, médailles et antiques, inv. bronze 1836.

  • View in gallery

    Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Département des monnaies, médailles et antiques, inv. bronze 1837.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Various bronzes from Etruscan and Italic excavations.

  • View in gallery

    Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology inv. 1948.1189 Arch. Photo: Roz Sherris.

  • View in gallery

    Verucchio, Museo Civico Archeologico, Necropoli Lippi 2005, tumb 8, rep. 18.

  • View in gallery

    Alfedena, Museo archeologico Antonio De Nino, inv. 17049.

  • View in gallery

    Museo Civico di Sesto Calende, inv. st23775.

  • View in gallery

    Volterra, Museo Guarnacci, inv. mg 6196.

  • View in gallery

    British Museum, Greek and Roman Antiquities, Bronze 2694.

  • View in gallery

    Denarius of T. Deidius (113–112 bc). Particular.

  • View in gallery

    Scourge invented by Paul Vignon, ending in a lead weight in the shape of a small dumbbell.

  • View in gallery

    Scourge constructed by Paul Vignon.

  • View in gallery

    Stuttgarter Psalter, Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Cod.bibl.fol.23, f. 43v.

  • View in gallery

    British Museum, Prehistory and Europe, 1903,0514.5.

  • View in gallery

    Biblia de San Luis, Catedral de Toledo, vol. iii, f. 61v.

  • View in gallery

    Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, Siena.

  • View in gallery

    Bibliothèque de Troyes, ms.1905, f. 23v.

  • View in gallery

    Darmstadt, Hessische Landesbibliothek, Ms. 2505, f. 36v.

  • View in gallery

    Prague, Národní knihovna České republiky, xiv.A.17, f. 3r.

  • View in gallery

    British Library, ms. Harley 1892, f. 67r.

  • View in gallery

    Holkham Bible, British Library, ms. 47682, fol. 29v.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 158 158 76
Full Text Views 122 122 70
PDF Downloads 7 7 3
EPUB Downloads 1 1 0