The Chronology of John the Baptist and the Crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth

A New Approach

In: Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus
Tamás Visi Kurt and Ursula Schubert Centre for Jewish Studies, Palacký University, Olomouc; Thomas-Institute, University of Cologne,

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The consensus of present-day historians that Jesus was crucified around the year 30 ce has been challenged by a minority of scholars who argue that the execution of John the Baptist could not take place earlier than 35 ce, and for that reason Jesus must have been crucified at the Passover of 36 ce. This paper argues that both parties have strong and convincing arguments, and for that reason we must conclude that John was probably executed after Jesus’ death. The collective memory of the early Christians did not succeed in retaining the chronological order of these events, and this circumstance allowed the synoptics to turn the Baptist into a forerunner of Christ.

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