Beyond “Love Mysticism”

Yūnus Emre’s Sufi Theology of Selfhood

in Journal of Sufi Studies
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In this article, I present and analyze what I call Yūnus Emre’s Sufi Theology of Selfhood conveyed in his Dīwān. In contrast to current one-dimensional approaches to Yūnus’ Sufi theology as “love mysticism,” on the basis of my research into what I call Yūnus’ Sufi Theology of Selfhood, I argue that Yūnus’ Sufism is multidimensional. Hence, it is deserving of a more broad-minded methodology. In part 1, I present a summary of Yūnus’ life and times, and offer a generic analysis of his poetry. To contextualize my study of selections from Yūnus’ Dīwān, I present a brief overview of the historical development of what I call a Sufi Theology of Selfhood in part 2. In part 3 of the article, I translate and scrutinize selections of Yūnus’ poems that I maintain best reflect his Sufi Theology of Selfhood from ontological-cosmological, epistemological, and experiential points of view.

Beyond “Love Mysticism”

Yūnus Emre’s Sufi Theology of Selfhood

in Journal of Sufi Studies

Sections

References

3

SmithThe Poetry of Yūnus Emre10.

4

Ibid.9; Emre The Drop that Became the Sea Kabir Helminski and Refik Algan trans. 12–13.

5

BaşkalYunus Emre56–67.

8

Ibid.3–4.

9

Ibid.4.

15

Ibid.7.

16

Ibid. 6–7; SmithThe Poetry of Yūnus Emre3–4.

18

Ibid.7.

19

See: Mustafa Tatçı“Yukarı İllerde Bir Gezgin Derviş: Yunus Emre (Azerbaycan Notları),” in Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bekaş Veli Araştırma Dergisi 58 (2011): 155–70.

20

Charles Melville“Anatolia under the Mongols,” in The Cambridge History of Turkey: Volume I: Byzantium to Turkey 1071–1453 Kate Fleet ed. (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press2009) 98–100.

21

Ahmet Yaşar Ocak“Social, Cultural and Intellectual Life,” in The Cambridge History of Turkey1.388–90; idem. La Revolte de Baba Resul ou la formation de l’heterodoxie musulmane en Anatolie au XIIIe-siecle(Istanbul: Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları1989) 14–15; Ahmet Karamustafa God’s Unruly Friends: Dervish Groups in the Islamic Middle Period 12001550 (London: Oneworld 1995: 2006)” 5. Dervish Groups in Full Bloom 1200–1500” 51–65.

22

SmithThe Poetry of Yūnus Emre5–6; Melville “Anatolia under the Mongols” 52.

24

Ocak“Social Cultural and Intellectual Life”411–14.

27

Ibid.9–12.

29

Ibid.17.

30

Ibid. 8; SmithThe Poetry of Yūnus Emre4–5.

33

SmithThe Poetry of Yūnus Emre8.

34

Ibid.8–9. See also: Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār Farīd al-Dīn ʿAṭṭār;s Memorial of God’s Friends: Lives and Sayings of Sufis Paul Losensky trans. (Mahwah: Paulist Press 2009) al-Basṭāmī 124 127 133 141; al-Ḥallāj 360–2; Junayd 276–8; idem The Conference of the Birds Dick Davis and Afkham Darbandi trans. (London; New York: Penguin 1984) al-Basṭāmī 76–7 126–7 145–50; al-Ḥallāj 114 220; Junayd 115 123.

37

See: Haşım Şahin“Tapduk Emre,” in İslam Ansiklopedisi (Istanbul: Türk Diyaneti Vakfı İslam Araştırmalar Merkezi 2011) 40:12–13.

38

LewisRumi: Past and Present East and West272–5.

43

MélikoffHadji Bektach216–17.

49

Ibid.67.

53

Ibid.53.

54

KöprülüEarly Mystics in Turkish Literature300–3; Smith The Poetry of Yūnus Emre 17–18;

56

BanarlıResimli Türk Edebiyat Tarihi1.333–5. Smith The Poetry of Yūnus Emre 10.

58

SmithThe Poetry of Yūnus Emre7–9.

59

Ibid.9.

61

Julie Scott MeisamiMedieval Persian Court Poetry (Princeton: Princeton University Press1987) 238.

62

Ibid.239.

63

Ibid.273.

65

See: Robert Dankoff“The Lyric in the Romance: The Use of Ghazals in Persian and Turkish Masnavīs,” in Journal of Near Eastern Studies 43 (1984) 19–21.

67

MeisamiMedieval Persian Court Poetry245.

68

Ibid.275.

70

See: GibbA History of Ottoman Poetry3.70; 3.133; 4.9.

73

Lars Johanson“The Structure of Turkic,” in The Turkic LanguagesLars Johanson and Éva Á. Csató eds. (London; New York: Routledge1998) 49–5063–5.

80

SchimmelMystical Dimensions of Islam62–77.

86

SchimmelMystical Dimensions of Islam66–7.

90

See: BaşkalYunus Emre69–80.

95

See: Johanson“The Structure of Turkic” 47; Sir Gerard Clauson An Etymological Dictionary of Pre-Thirteenth-Century Turkish (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1972) sub. “té:-” pp. 433–4; sub. “sö:zle:-” pp. 863.

99

Melville“Anatolia under the Mongols” 98–100; Ocak “Social Cultural and Intellectual Life” 385–6.

100

Ocak“Social Cultural and Intellectual Life” 390–1.

101

Melville“Anatolia under the Mongols” 51.

102

See: SchimmelMystical Dimensions of Islam153 377 385 417–19.

104

See: SchimmelMystical Dimensions of Islam192.

108

See: HomerinʿUmar Ibn al-Fāriḍ27–30 67–71.

109

Ibid.14–15.

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