Subsidizing Sustainable Development under the WTO 1

in The Journal of World Investment & Trade
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Subsidizing Sustainable Development under the WTO 1

in The Journal of World Investment & Trade

References

1 Some of the empirical work conducted for this paper was supported by the Trade Knowledge Network. We also wish to thank Alisa Dicaprio for her assistance in conducting archival research.

1 Note by the Secretariat, Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, April 28, 1987 (mtn.gng/nglO/w/4). 4 Note by the Secretariat, Problems in the Area of Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, March 17, 1987 (mtn.gng/ngl0/w/3). I Note by the Secretariat, Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, April 28, 1987 (mtn.gng/ngl0/w/4). 6 Communication from the United States, March 16, 1987 (mtn.gng/ngl0/w/1).

I Elements of the Framework for Negotiations, Submission by the United States, November 22, 1989 (mtn.gng/ngl0/w29). I Elements of the Negotiating Framework, Communication from Switzerland, September 13, 1989 (mtn.gng.ngl0/w/26). s) Communication from Japan, August 12, 1987 (mtn.gng/nglO/w/8). 10 Proposals on Behalf of the Least Developed Countries, Communication from Bangladesh, November 13, 1989 (mtn.gng/ng10/w/28). tt Communication from Egypt, November 30, 1987 (mtn.gng/nglO/w/14). 12 Communication from Colombia, November 9, 1987 (mtn.gng/nglO/w/13). 13 Communication from the Republic of Korea, June 1, 1987 (mtn.gng/nglO/w/5). �t Communication from Brazil, November 10, 1988 (mtn.gng/nglO/w/24).

y Less than 75 per cent of industrial research or less than 50 per cent of the costs of pre-competitive development activity.

1(1 According to Article 87(1) of the European Community Treaty, state aid excludes: (a) subsidies channeled to recipients which are not enterprises, (b) general tax measures, quotas and public procurement, (c) community funds and instruments (like the Common Agricultural Policy funds); (d) aid granted by supranational organisations (like the European Space Agency), and (e) Defense and public works.

17 Paragraph 12 to which this refers focuses on implementation-related issues and concerns, as follows: 12. We attach the utmost importance to the implementation-related issues and concerns raised by members and arc determined to find appropriate solutions to them. In this connection, and having regard to the General Council Decisions of 3 May and 15 December 2000, we further adopt the Decision on Implementation-Related Issues and Concerns in document WT/MIN(01)/17 to address a number of implementation problems faced by members. We agree that negotiations on outstanding implementation issues shall be an integral part of the Work Programme we are establishing, and that agreements reached at an early stage in these negotiations shall be treated in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 47 below. In this regard, we shall proceed as follows: (a) where we provide a specific negotiating mandate in this declaration, the relevant implementation issues shall be addressed under that mandate; (b) the other outstanding implementation issues shall be addressed as a matter of priority by the relevant W ro bodies, which shall report to the Trade Negotiations Committee, established under paragraph 46 below, by the end of 2002 for appropriate action.

Ackerman, Frank, 2005, 'The Shrinking Gains from Trade: A Critical Assessment of Doha Round Projections', Tufts University Global Development and Environment Institute, Working Paper 05-01.

Amsden, Alice, 2005, 'Promoting Industry under WTO Law', in Kevin P. Gallagher (ed.), 2005, Putting Development First: The Intportance of Policy Space in the WTO and IFIS, London: Zed Books, pp. 221-2.

Amsden, Alice, 2001, The Rise of the Rest: Challenges to the West from Late Industrializing Countries, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Amsden, Alice and Chu, Wan-wen, 2003, Beyond Late Development Taiwan's Upgrading Policies, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Anderson, Sarah, and Cavanagh, John, 2004, Lessons of European Integration for the Americas, Washington: Institute for Policy Studies.

Arrow, K., 1962, "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention', in: R. Nelson (ed.), The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 609-625.

Arrow, Kenneth J., 1962, 'The Economic Implications of Learning by Doing', Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 29, No. 3, June 1962, pp. 155-173.

Baumol and Oates, 1988, The Theory of Environmental Policy', Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Blair, J., 1972. Economic Concentration; Structure, Behavior and Public Policy, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Bence and Smith, 1989, 'Subsidies and the Trade Laws: The Canada-US Dimension', International Economic Issues, May-June 1989.

Bora, B. P., J. Lloyd and M. Pangetsu, 1999, 'Industrial Policy and the WTO', WTO/World Bank Conference on Developing Countries in a Millennium Round, Geneva: WTO Secretariat.

Calo, Muriel and Timothy A. Wise (2005). Revaluing Peasant Coffee Production: Organic and Fair Trade Markets in Mexico. Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University.

Council on Foreign Relations, 2005, Building a North American Community: A Report of the Independent Task Force on the Future of North America. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

David, P., 1975, Technical Choice, Innovation and Economic Growth, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Department of Finance, 2004, Subsidies and Countervailing Measures Information Paper, Ottawa: Government of Canada, http://www.fin.gc.ca/activity/pubs/Sub_e.html.

Eliasson, Gunnar, 1998, 'Competence Blocs and the Industrial Policy in the Knowledge-Based Economy', Science Technology Industry Review, Vol. 1, No. 22, Paris: OECD, p. 228.

Ernst, D, a. L. K. (2001). Global production networks, knowledge diffusion, and local capability formation. A conceptual framework, East West Center Working Papers, Economics Scries, No. 19, May.

European Commission, 2005, 'State Aid Scoreboard-Spring 2005 Update', Brussels: European Commission.

European Commission, 2002, 'Indicative Figures on the Distribution of Direct Farm Aid', Brussels: European Commission, 1 October 2002.

European Community Framework Programme, 2002, 'The Sixth Framework Programme in Brief, Brussels: European Community Framework Programme.

Evans, Peter, 1995, Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Farman, J. C., B. G. Gardiner and J. D. Shanklin, 1985, 'Large Losses of Total Ozone in Antarctica Reveal Seasonal ClOx/NOx Interaction', Nature, No. 315, pp.207-210.

Gallagher, Kelly Sims, Ambuj Sagar, Diane Segal, Paul de Sa, and John P. Holdren, 2008, 'U.S. Government Investments in Energy Innovation Database', Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.

Gallagher, Kevin P. (ed,), 2005, Putting Development First: The Importance of Policy Space in the WTO and IFI, London: Zed Books.

Gallagher, Kevin and Zarsky, Lyuba, 2004, Sustainable Industrial Development? The Performance of Mexico's FDI-Led Development Strategy, Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University.

Hansen, Jφrgen Drud, Camilla Jensen, and Erik Strφjer Madsen, 2001, Green Subsidies and Learning-byDoingin the Windmill Industry, Denmark: Institute of Economics, Aarhus School of Business.

Hoekman, Bernard and Michel Kostecki, (2001). The Political Economy of the World Trading System: The WTO and Beyond. London: Oxford University Press.

Kahn, Matthew E. and Yoshino, Yutaka, 2004, 'Testing for Pollution Havens Inside and Outside of

Regional Trading Blocs', Advances in Economic Analysis & Policy, Vol. 4: No. 2, Art. 4.

Kline, S. and Rosenberg, N., 1986, 'An Overview of Innovation', in N. Rosenberg and R. Landau, (eds.), The Positive Sum Society: Harnessing Technology for Economic Growth, Washington: National Academy Press.

Kowalck, C., 2002, 'Reforming Tariffs and Subsidies in International Trade', Pacific Economic Review, Vol. 7, No. 2.

Kowalcyk, C., 1989, 'Trade Negotiations and World Welfare', American Economic Review, Vol. 79, pp. 552-9.

Krugman, P., 1986, 'Introduction: New Thinking about Trade Policy', in P. Krugman (ed.), Strategic Trade Policy and the New International Economics, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Lipsey, R.G. and Lancaster, Kelvin, 1956, "The General Theory of Second Best', Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 24, pp. 11-32.

Lundvall, Bengt-Ake, 1988, 'Innovation as an Interactive Process: From User-Producer Interaction to the National System of Innovation', in Dosi, G. et al, Technical Change and Economic Theory, London and New York: Pinter Publishers.

March, J. G. and Simon, H., 1958, Organizations, New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Marshall, Alfred, 1961, Principles of Economics, London: MacMillan.

Molina M. J. and Rowland, F. S., 1974, "Stratospheric Sink for Clorofluoromethanes-Chlorine Atomic Catalysed Destruction of Ozone', Nature, No. 249, pp. 810-812.

Middlebrook, Kevin and Zepeda, Eduardo, 2003, Confronting Development: Assessing Mexico's Economic and Social Policy Challenge, Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Myrdal, G., 1957, Economic Theory and Underdeveloped Regions, London: Routledge.

Nadal, A., 2003, 'Natural Protected Areas and Social Marginalization in Mexico', CEESP Occasional Papers, Gland, Switzerland: The World Conservation Union.

Nelson, R., 1959, 'The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research', Journal of Political Economy, June, pp. 297-306.

Nelson, R., 1999, The Sources of Economic Growth. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Pal, Parrthapratim and Das Gupta, Mitalie, 2004, Subsidies and Countervailing Measures in the WTO, International Development Economics Associates, www.networkideas.org.

Panayotou, Theodore, 1998, Instruments of Change: Motivating and Financing Sustainable Development. London: Earthscan.

Pretschker, Udo, 2004, 'Subsidies and Development in OECD Countries', paper delivered at the conference "Reining in Competition for Capital", the University of Minnesota's Humphrey Institute, February 2004. http://www.hhh.umn.edu/img/assets/6158/pretschker_paper.pdf.

Raghavan, Chakravarthi, 1999, 'Subsidies Used by North to Lapse end 1999?' Third World Network.

Ritchie, M., Murphy, S., Lake, A. B., 2003, U.S. Dumping on World Agricultural Markets: Can Trade Rules Help Farmers? Minneapolis, MN: Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy.

Rodrik, Dani, 2005, Industrial Policy for the 21st Century, Vienna: United Nations Industrial Development Organization.

Rosa, Herman, Susan Kandel, and Leopoldo Dimas, 2004, 'Compensation for Environmental Services in Rural Communities: Lessons from the Americas', PERI Working Paper Series, No. 96, Amherst: Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts.

Rosenberg, Nathan, 1982, Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Simon, H., 1959, 'Theories of Decision-Making in Economics and Behavioral Science', American Economic Review, Vol. 49.

Stiglitz, J. and Charlton, A., 2004, The Development Round of Trade Negotiations in the Aftermath of Cancun, The Commonwealth. Report prepared for the Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Templates/Internal.asp?NodeID-38180 (accessed July 7, 2004).

Trade Policy Monitor, 2000, 'USTR/Department of Commerce Subsidies Enforcement Report to Congress', 8 April 2000.

Trebilcock, and Robert Howse (2005). The Regulation of International Trade. London: Routledge.

UNDP, 2001, Human Development Report: Making New Technologies Work for Human Development, New York: United Nations Development Program.

UNDP, 2003, Making Trade Work for People, United Nations Development Program, London: Earthscan.

Weintraub, S., 2004, NAFTA's Impact on North America, Washington: CSIS Press.

World Trade Organization (WTO). 2001. www.wto.org.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 7 7 6
Full Text Views 1 1 1
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0