1 1Dr. Abdullah Suleiman Nawafleh, LLB in Law, Amman University (Amman-Jordan); LLM in International Law and Diplomacy, University of Derby (Derby-England); and PhD in Law, University of Westminster (London-England). The author can be contacted at email@example.com.
I United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, WorldInvestmentReport1999:ForeignDirectInvestmentandtheChallengeofDevelopment, (New York: United Nations, 1999). 2 P. Brenton, TradeandinvestmentinEurope:Theimpactof thenextenlargement, (Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels, 1999). 3 See for example R. Levine and D. Renelt, "A Sensitivity Analysis of Cross-Country Growth Regressions," AmericanEconomicReview 82, no. 4 (1992); and D. Dollar and A. Kraay, "Institutions, Trade and Growth,"Journalof MonetaryEconomics 50, no. 1 (2003). 4 In 2002 the World Bank reported that Jordan's privatisation programme 'ranks as one, if not the most, successful programmes in the Middle East region... A closer look at how Jordan managed to activate a stagnant privatisation programme and achieve so much in so short a time holds important lessons for governments as well as privatisation practitioners... the honours go to the government and people of Jordan for steadfastly dealing with the overwhelmingly complex issues one-by-one and making the [privatisation] programme a grand success.' Research Department at the Export and Finance Bank, "Jordan's Privatisation Programne one of the most Successful in the Region - World Bank," JordanTimes, March 4, 2002.
5 The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, BusinessandInvestmentGuide, (2004) [accessed September 10, 2009]; available from http://www.mfa.gov.jo/pages.php?menu_id=72. 6 See for instance Z.M. Agaileh, "Legal Extension of the Term of the Lease: a Comparative Study of Jordanian and English law", (South Bank University, 2001). 7 Royal Hashemite Court, TheConstitutionof theHashemiteKingdomofjordan, (2001) [accessed Oct 4, 2009]; available from http://www.kinghussein.gov jo/constitution_jo.html. 8 Article 24, 25, 26 and 27 of the 1952 Constitution of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
9 A. Gharaibeh, "Foreign Direct Investment Incentives the Case ofjordan", (University of Hull, 1997).
10 Middle East Executive Reports, AmidRegionalJordanContinuesitsEffortstoImproveInvestmentClimate, vol. 25/1, (Washington, DC: Middle East Executive Reports, 2002).
11 Article 3 of the Non-Jordanian Investment Promotions Regulation No. 54 of 2000.
12 Article 6 of Regulation No. 54 of 2000, Regulating non-Jordanian Investments Regulation, published in the OfficialGazette under 16-11-2000/4445, p. 4425. 13 Ibid.
14 O. Schlumberger, "Transition to Development?," injordaninTransition,1990-2000, ed. G. Joffe. (London: C. Hurst, 2002). 15 Article 18 of the Interim Investment Promotion Law No. 68 of 2003. �6 Euro-Mediterranean Network of Investments Promotion Agencies, CountryPerspectines:Jordan,theinvestmentpromotionaRency:JIB, (2003) [accessed Nov 10, 2009]; available from http://www.animaweb.org/ pays_jordanie agencepromotion en.php.
17 United States Department of the State, Jordan2009InvestmentClimateStatement, (2009) [accessed Nov 12, 2009]; available from http://www.state.gov/e/eeb/rls/othr/ics/2009/117412.htm. 18 The High Court of Justice Resolution No. 97/97, BA), 1998, p. 778, cited in Law and Arbitration Center, InvestmentLaws, (Law and Arbitration Center, Bulletin 1, 2001).
19 Article 3 of the Appropriation Law No. 12 of 1987, published in OfficialGazette under 1-4-1987/3468, p. 655. 21 Income Tax Law No. 57 of 1985 as amended by Law No. 4 of 1992, Law No. 14 of 1995, and Law No. 25 of 2001. 21 Article 2 of Interim Investment Promotion Law No. 68 of 2003.
zz Article 3/B of Interim Investment Promotion Law No. 68 of 2003. z3 D. Chen, ReformulatingtheTaxIncentiveProgramin Jordan:AnalysisandRecommendations, (U.S. Agency for International Development for the Amid Programme in Jordan, 2004), p. 8. 24 Article 3 of the Labour Law and its amendments No. 8 of 1996.
zs Article 10 of the Labour Law of 1996; This amendment to the law was adopted on 16 May 2004 and published in the OfficialGazette under 4658/2004-05-16. zh Article 15/A of the Labour Law and its amendments No. 8 of 1996.
27 Section 27 of the Labour Law and its amendments No. 8 of 1996. zA Published in the OfficialGazette under 4511/2001-10-16, p. 4483. 29 O. Al Farawati, "Controversial Labour Law Article Amended,"JordanTimes, September 25, 2001. 5� Article 20 of the Labour Law and its amendments No. 8 of 1996. 31 Ibid..
32 Article 4 of the Social Security Law No. 19 of 2001. 33 This Law was amended in 2002.
z Centre for Administrative Innovation in the Euro-Mediterranean Region, PoliciesforbusinessintheMediterraneeanCountries:Jordan, (2004) [accessed Nov 10, 2009]; available from http://www.innovations.harvard. edu/cache/documents/8879.pdf.
35 Ibid. 3s T. Ayyoub, "Companies Law Amendment Welcomed by Some, Others Call for Additional Changes," JordanTimes, May 9, 2002. 37 Ibid. 3a A. Nawafleh, "The Legal Environment and Foreign Direct Investment: Jordan as a Case Study." (University of Westminster 2008). '9 United States Government Accountability Office. FomFreeTradeAgreementsGAOReviewedHaveResultedinCommercialGains,butChallengesinLaborandtheEnvironmentRemain (United States Government Accountability Office GAo-09-439, 2009), p. 27. au United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. WorldInvestmentReport2009:TransnationalCorporations,AgriculturalProductionandDevelopment (United Nations, 2009), p. 253.