1 1Kevin P. Gallagher is Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations at Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, and senior researcher at the Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts. He may be contacted at: ‹firstname.lastname@example.org›. Melissa B.L Birch is a researcher at the Global Development and Environment Institute, Tufts University. She may be contacted at: ‹email@example.com›. The authors would like to thank Charles Hernick for research assistance on this article.
1 First however, we analyzcd the extent to which a fixed effects estimation technique is appropriate. To test for this, wc ran the regressions conducting cstimation by fixed effects and by random effects. In both cases, we found the fixed effects estimator to be thc appropriate one.
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