The framework for this study comes from the historical and contextual theory of apophatic and kataphatic spiritual typologies within the “Circle of Sensibility” espoused by spiritual type theorists. This study analyses seven years of collected data, comparing spiritual type similarities and differences of late adolescent students at a private Christian university in the United States. A major premise of the study underscores the influence catechetical models have on faith development during mid-to-late adolescence. A subsidiary objective of the study measured participants’ perceptions of the importance and frequency of practice of twelve spiritual disciplines. The results of the study confirm outcomes in all four major spiritual type categories within the Circle of Sensibility. Based on the findings, the author offers several recommendations for research in utilising spiritual type theory for understanding catechetical models within youth ministry praxis.
EdwardsK.SlaterW.HallT.OdaA. & EckB.Assessing Spiritual Functioning Among Christian College Students. Paper presented at the Convention of the American Psychological Association ConventionSan Francisco, CA2001.
JungmeenK. E.NesselroadJ. R. & FeathermanD. L. “
The State Component in Self-reported Worldviews and Religious Beliefs of Older Adults: The MacArthur Successful Aging Studies.” Psychology and Aging113 (1996): 296–407.
See for example SagerGospel-Centered Spirituality129–133; Ware Discover Your Spiritual Type 101–107; and John Westerhoff. Spiritual Life: The Foundation for Preaching and Teaching (Louisville ky: Westminster John Knox Press 1994). Most notably Westerhoff advocates the specific disciplines of: Practicing the Presence Journaling Spiritual Friendship and Lectio Divina 68–73.