Human Beings and Human Becomings

Departing from the Developmental Model of Youth Ministry

in Journal of Youth and Theology
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The dominant approach to youth ministry in the United States is a developmental model wherein outcomes of maturity are granted normative authority. Preoccupation with development has made our attention to young people’s experience of divine action problematic if not impossible. Offering an interpretive corrective, by introducing childhood studies as an interdisciplinary partner alternative to developmental psychology, and a theological corrective by drawing on the eschatological theology of Jürgen Moltmann, I provide rationale for youth workers to recognise and participate in God’s action in the lives of young people, even those who will not progress according to standards of spiritual maturity.1

Sections

References

AndersonRay S. The Shape of Practical Theology. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2001.

BauckhamRichard. The Theology of Jürgen Moltmann. New York: T & T Clark, 1995.

BauckhamRichard ed. God Will Be All In All: The Eschatology of Jürgen Moltmann. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001.

BerglerThomas E.Taming the juvenilization of American Christianity: developing youth ministry leaders who can help the church grow up.” Journal Of Youth Ministry 9, no. 1 (2010): 734

———The Juvenilization of American Christianity. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2012.

———From Here to Maturity. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2014a.

JimBurns, and DeVriesMike. The Youth Builder. Ventura: Gospel Light, 2001.

CappsDonald. Life Cycle Theory & Pastoral Care. Eugene: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 1983.

ChristensenPia and ProutAlan. “Working With Ethical Symmetry In Social Research With Children.” Chilhood. 9 no.4 (2002): 477497.

ConnerBenjamin T. Amplifying Our Witness: Giving Voice to Adolescents with Developmental Disabilities. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2012.

DeanKenda Creasy. Practicing Passion. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2004.

EriksonErik H. Insight and Responsibility. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1964.

——— Identity and the Life Cycle. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1980.

——— Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1994a.

GoingNancy. “The way of Jesus: adolescent development as theological process.” Journal Of Youth Ministry 9, no. 2 (2011): 4966.

JamesAllison and ProutAlan. Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood. New York: The Falmer Press, 1990.

JenksChris. Childhood, Second Edition. New York: Routledge, 2005.

MoltmannJürgen. Experiences of God. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984.

——— Theology of Hope. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993a.

——— God in Creation. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993b.

——— Jesus Christ for Today’s World. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1994b.

———The Coming Of God: Christian Eschatology. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996.

——— In The End – The Beginning. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004.

MoltmannJürgen, M. Douglas Meeks, and Theodore Runyon, Hope For The Church. Nashville: Abingdon, 1979.

NovalChristian. “Youth and Creation: A Biblical Theology of Growth & Development.” The Journal of Youth and Theology, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2013): 3545.

OsmerRichard Robert. The Teaching Ministry of Congregations. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2005.

——— Practical Theology: An Introduction. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008.

QvortrupJens, BardyMarjatta, SgrittaGiovanni, WintersbergerHelmut, eds. Childhood Matters: Social Theory, Practice and Politics. Brookfield: Avebury, 1994.

RaffetyErinMinimizing Social Distance: Participatory research with children.” Childhood. DOI: 10.1177/0907568214548283, (2014): 114.

RobinsDuffy. The Ministry of Nurture. Grand Rapids: Youth Specialties, Zondervan Publishing House, 1990.

RootAndrew. The Relational Pastor. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2013

——— Christopraxis: a Practical Theology of The Cross. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2014.

——— Bonhoeffer As Youth Worker. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014.

RootAndrew and DeanKenda Creasy. The Theological Turn in Youth Ministry. Downers Grove: IVP Books, 2011.

3

 See Thomas E. Bergler, The Juvenilization of American Christianity (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2012).

5

Duffy Robbins, The Ministry of Nurture (Grand Rapids: Youth Specialties, Zondervan Publishing House, 1990), 17.

6

Jim Burns and Mike DeVries, The Youth Builder (Ventura: Gospel Light, 2001), 23.

7

Thomas E. Bergler, “Taming the juvenilization of American Christianity: developing youth ministry leaders who can help the church grow up.” Journal Of Youth Ministry 9, no. 1 (2010): 21.

9

Nancy Going, “The way of Jesus: adolescent development as theological process.” Journal Of Youth Ministry 9, no. 2 (2011): 50.

11

Donald Capps, Life Cycle Theory & Pastoral Care (Eugene: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 1983), 19.

12

Erik H. Erikson, Identity and the Life Cycle (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1980), 104–105.

15

Erik H. Erikson, Insight and Responsibility, (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1964), 125.

16

Capps, Life Cycle, 19.

17

Thomas Bergler, From Here to Maturity (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2014), 3, 8, and 25.

20

Benjamin T. Conner, Amplifying Our Witness: Giving Voice to Adolescents with Developmental Disabilities (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2012), 12–13.

22

Christian Noval, “Youth and Creation: A Biblical Theology of Growth & Development,” The Journal of Youth & Theology, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2013), 44.

24

 See Osmer, The Teaching Ministry of Congregations, 312.

25

 For more on this, see Root, Christopraxis, 295.

27

Andrew Root, Bonhoeffer As Youth Worker, (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014), 7.

29

Erin Raffety, “Minimizing Social Distance: Participatory research with children,” Childhood. DOI: 10.1177/0907568214548283, (2014): 3

31

 see Allison James and Alan Prout, Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood: Contemporary Issues in the Sociological Study of Childhood (New York: The Falmer Press, 1990).

34

James and Prout, Constructing and Reconstructing, 10.

36

Qvortrup, Childhood Matters, 4.

37

 See Ray S. Anderson, The Shape of Practical Theology (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2001), 103.

38

Kenda Creasy Dean, Practicing Passion (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2004), 84.

39

Jürgen Moltmann, In The End – The Beginning (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004), 6–7.

40

 see Osmer, Teaching Ministry, 202.

41

Jürgen Moltmann, Jesus Christ for Today’s World (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1994) 2.

45

 See Richard Bauckham, The Theology of Jürgen Moltmann (New York: T & T Clark, 1995), 9.

46

Jürgen Moltmann, Theology of Hope (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993), 103

48

Richard Bauckham, Jürgen Moltmann, 83.

49

Moltmann, Theology of Hope, 23.

50

 See Jürgen Moltmann, Experiences of God (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984), 14

51

Moltmann, Theology of Hope, 32.

52

 See Root, Christopraxis, 119.

53

Richard Bauckham, ed., God Will Be All In All: The Eschatology of Jürgen Moltmann (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2001), 163.

55

Jürgen Moltmann, The Coming Of God: Christian Eschatology (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996), 287.

56

Jürgen Moltmann, God in Creation (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1993), 92.

57

Moltmann, The Coming of God, 25.

60

Dean, Practicing Passion, 84.

63

Moltmann, God in Creation, 56.

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