Stratigraphical time, temporality and change have frequently been studied and theorized through dichotomy, that is two opposed, “either/or” views. Linear versus cyclical and the principles of uniformitarianism versus catastrophism are classic examples. This paper aims to look beyond these simple tensions. It utilizes sequence stratigraphy as a lens to re-view established dichotomies and to explore the potential for a more paradoxical “both/and” interpretation. The main finding is that the two opposed linear versus cyclical views can be reconceived as one synthesized sinusoidal view; other dichotomies are re-viewed which allow for spatiotemporal explanation and prediction.
DonaldsonJ. A.P. G.Eriksson and W.Altermann. 2002. “Actualistic Versus Non-actualistic Conditions in the Precambrian Sedimentary Record: Reappraisal of an Enduring Discussion.”International Association of Sedimentologists Special Publications33: 3-13.
HilgenF. J.et al.2015. “Stratigraphic Continuity and Fragmentary Sedimentation: The Success of Cyclostratigraphy as Part of Integrated Stratigraphy.”Geological Society London Special Publications404: 157-197.
HuttonJ.1788. “Theory of the Earth; or an Investigation of the Laws Observable in the Composition, Dissolution, and Restoration of Land upon the Globe.”Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh1(02): 209—304.
JohnsonG. A. L. and J. R.Nudds. 1975. “Carboniferous Coral Ceochronometers.” In Growth Rhythms and the History of the Earth’s Rotation edited by G. D.Rosenberg and S. K.Runcorn27-41. London: John Wiley.
KleidonA.2010. “Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics, Maximum Entropy Production and Earth-system Evolution.”Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences368 (1910): 181-196.
MelottA. L.R. K.BambachK. D.Petersen and J. M.McArthur. 2012. “An ~60-Million-Year Periodicity is Common to Marine 87Sr/86Sr, Fossil Biodiversity, and Large-Scale Sedimentation: What Does the Periodicity Reflect?”The Journal of Geology120(2): 217-226.
RudwickM. J. S.1971. “Uniformity and Progression: Reflections on the Structure of Geological Theory in the Age of Lyell.” In Perspectives in the History of Science and Technology edited by D. H. D.Roller209-227. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
SakamotoM.M. J.Benton and C.Venditti. 2016. “Dinosaurs in Decline Tens of Millions of Years before Their Final Extinction.”Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciencespublished online before print April 18 2016 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1521478113.
ScruttonC. T.1978. “Periodic Growth Features in Fossil Organisms and the Length of the Day and Month.” In Tidal Friction and the Earth’s Rotation edited by P.Brosche and J.Sündermann154-196. Berlin: Springer.
VailP. R.R. M.MitchumJr.J. M.WidmierS.ThompsonIIIJ. B.SangreeJ. N.Bubb and W. G.Hatleid. 1977. “Seismic Stratigraphy and Global Changes of Sea Level.”Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir26: 49-62.
Yanko-HombachV.A. S.Gilbert and P.Dolukhanov. 2007. “Controversy over the Great Flood Hypotheses in the Black Sea in Light of Geological, Paleontological, and Archaeological Evidence.”Quaternary International167: 91-113.