The Treaty of Nice triggered considerable change in the European Community's judicial system. Immediately it gave rise to a modification. It foresees the establishment of judicial panels charged to hear and determine at first instance certain classes of action or proceedings brought in specific areas. Furthermore, it adds that "the decisions given by judicial panels may be subject to a right of appeal on points of law only or, when provided for in the decision establishing the panel, a right of appeal also on matters of fact, before the Court of First Instance". This article analyses the consequences of these recent changes.