The Diachronic Development of French -age between Usage-Related Shifts and Grammatical Change

in Language Dynamics and Change
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

French -age developed from Latin relational adjectives in -aticus that were by and by nominalized, thereby incorporating the former head noun as a semantic constituent. In this article, it is argued that the Modern French -age derivation originated from the (re-)association of a semantically vacuous formative and an abstract semantic feature. This semantic feature gradually emerged through abstraction from the existing concrete derivatives and, once established, has determined the range of possible interpretations of newly coined formations up to this day. The most important result of the analysis is that, apart from a structural reanalysis of the Latin nominalized relational -aticus adjectives, French -age did not undergo any meaning change at all, the stability of its meaning being due to the abovementioned continuous interplay between the abstract semantic feature and the usage of the various concrete -age nominalizations.

The Diachronic Development of French -age between Usage-Related Shifts and Grammatical Change

in Language Dynamics and Change

Sections

References

10

Following McNally and Boleda (2004) I use the symbol ‘#’ to mark expressions which are anomalous due to the semantic incongruence of the lexical items they are composed of.

11

As noted by McNally and Boleda (2004) such additional meaning components of lexical items approximately correspond to Pustejovsky’s (2002) Qualia.

13

Cf. e.g. Eckardt (2006) Rainer (2005) or Blank (1997: 288 ff.) for similar analyses of morphosemantic change.

Figures

  • View in gallery
    Figure 1

    Readings of the -age types in the Old French NCA

  • View in gallery
    Figure 2

    Word class independence of Chierchia’s (1988, 1998) reification operation

  • View in gallery
    Figure 3

    Shares of different readings of -age-types in the NCA and in a diachronic FRANTEXT corpus

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 17 17 12
Full Text Views 13 13 12
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0