The status of ambassadors in Lucas de Penna’s Commentary on the Tres Libri

In: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis / Revue d'Histoire du Droit / The Legal History Review
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  • 1 Post-doc fellow at the KU-Leuven, Law Faculty; Department of Roman Law and Legal History, Sint-Michielsstraat 6, box 3453, 3000 Leuven, Belgium


Lucas de Penna’s commentary on the Tres Libri Codicis – and, in particular, that commentary’s section on the part de legationibus – documents how late-Medieval civil law scholarship contributed to work out the status of ambassadors. Although De Penna’s text has been overlooked in legal historiography and studies on Medieval diplomacy, the author’s specific approach was at the time unique in late-Medieval legal scholarship, both in terms of method and content, and anticipated in many ways essential themes of early-modern scholarship on the status of diplomats.


  • 25

     See D.E. Queller, Early Venetian legislation (supra, n. 8), p. 20.

  • 30

     See D. Fedele, Naissance (supra, n. 6), p. 205–207 for further references.

  • 35

     See D. Fedele, Naissance (supra, n. 6), p. 656–666 for further references.

  • 69

     See Lucas de Penna, Commentaria (supra, n. 15), p. 317, no. 26: ‘Unde Gregorius [...] li. 30 moralium. Ille scit recte dicere, qui novit ordinate tacere [Gregorius Magnus, Moralia in Iob, Turnhout 1985, lib. 30, cap. 8, no 27, p. 1509]. [...] Quinto ut silentium attendat’. See also ibidem, p. 318B, no. 30: ‘Nam in multis sermonibus invenitur stultitia. dicit Salo. eccle. 5 [Ecclesiastes 5.2] et c. 10. Stultus verba multiplicat [ibidem, 10.14] [...]. In hoc tamen attendat rerum, personarum et temporum qualitates’.

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