Exile, Encounter, and the Articulation of Andalusī Identity in the Maghrib

in Medieval Encounters
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This article explores how Ibn al-Khaṭīb’s historiographical perspective informed an Andalusī vision of the history of the western Mediterranean and how it articulated an Andalusī identity vis-à-vis the Maghrib, where it became deeply rooted. Through an examination of Ibn al-Khaṭīb’s historiographical and geographical work, and considering his own experience of exile and encounter in the Maghrib, I argue that Ibn al-Khaṭīb was both illustrative of a larger trend whereby Andalusīs argued for their cultural value as a displaced community in the Maghrib and a crucial actor in articulating and informing the long-term historiographical perspective on the history of the Islamic West and al-Andalus’s place in it.

Medieval Encounters

Jewish, Christian and Muslim Culture in Confluence and Dialogue




M. Talbi, “Ibn Khaldūn,” Encyclopaedia of Islam2 (Leiden: Brill, 1979), 3:825‒831. On the relationship and correspondence between Ibn Khaldūn and Ibn al-Khaṭīb, see Celia del Moral, “Luces y sombras en las relaciones entre Ibn al-Jaṭīb e Ibn Jaldūn a traves de su correspondencia personal,” in Ibn al-Jaṭīb y su tiempo, ed. Celia del Moral and Fernando Velázquez Basanta (Granada: Editorial Universidad de Granada, 2012), 205‒221. See also Celia del Moral and Fernando Velázquez Basanta, “La Risāla de Ibn al-Jaṭīb a Ibn Jaldūn con motivo de su matrimonio con una cautiva cristiana,” in Ibn al-Jaṭīb y su tiempo, 223‒239.


Jacinto Bosch-Vilá, “Ibn al-Khaṭīb,” Encyclopaedia of Islam2, 3:835‒837; Jorge Lirola Delgado et alii, “Ibn al-Jaṭīb,” in Biblioteca de al-Andalus, ed. Jorge Lirola Delgado and José Miguel Puerta Vílchez, 7 vols and 1 vol. appendix (Almería: Fundación Ibn Tufayl de Estudios Árabes, 2004‒2012), 3:643‒698.


Ramzi Rouighi, The Making of a Mediterranean Emirate: Ifriqiya and Its Andalusis, 1200‒1400 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), 153‒154.


Ramzi Rouighi, The Making of a Mediterranean Emirate, 153.


Ramzi Rouighi, The Making of a Mediterranean Emirate, 177.


Cynthia Robinson, “Lisān al-Dīn Ibn al-Khaṭīb (1313‒1374 or 1375),” in Essays in Arabic Literary Biography, 1350‒1850, ed. J. Lowry, and D. Stewart (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2009), 166.


Emilio García Gómez, “El ‘Parangón entre Málaga y Salé’ de Ibn al-Jaṭīb,” Al-Andalus: Revista de las Escuelas de Estudios Árabes de Madrid y Granada 2 (1934), 184.


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