Since the 2011 revolution claimants in Libya have been lobbying to demand reinstatement of property confiscated from their families by Qadhafi under Law 4/1978. During this campaign they have forcefully argued that they have been impoverished and sidelined as victims of corruption. In particular, they highlight how their property enriched and empowered the Qadhafi regime’s corrupt elites as it was redistributed as a form of state controlled ‘rent’. However, in making this argument they have tried to limit retrospective evaluations of property rights to the Qadhafi period, preventing investigation of their own families’ accumulation of property under the Italian occupation or the monarchy. Property claimants’ preferred solution is for the democratically elected government to enforce property restitution and to allocate state funds for compensation and for housing construction. The prospects for this are not good. In post-revolutionary Libya powerful militia have made land and property grabs, and other post-revolutionary elites are accused of engaging in corruption, in a continuing threat to property claimants’ future political and economic status.
In2013, during a campaign to tackle fraudulent claims and introduce a national id card, Prime Minister Ali Zeidan announced that there were numerous cases of multiple government salaries being paid to one recipient.
T. Richter and C. Steiner, “Politics, Economics and Tourism Development in Egypt: Insights into the Sectoral Transformations of a Neo-Patrimonial Rentier State,”Third World Quarterly29, no. 5 (2008): 939–59, 942.
C. Steiner, “Tourism, Poverty Reduction and the Political Economy: Egyptian Perspectives on Tourism's Economic Benefits in a Semi-Rentier State,”Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development3, no. 3 (2006): 161–77, 174.
A. Obeidi, “From Forced Recognition to Reconciliation: The Abu Selim Case in Historical Perspective,” in Searching for Justice in Post-Gaddafi Libya: A Socio-Legal Exploration of People’s Concerns and Institutional Responses at Home and from Abroad, ed. J.M. Otto, J. Carlisle, and S. Ibrahim (Leiden: Van Vollenhoven Institute, Leiden University,2013), 142–50, 148–49.
Umar Khan, “Opinion: Corruption: The Biggest Problem Facing Libya,”Libya Herald, August 3, 2013, http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/08/03/opinion-corruption-the-biggest-problem-facing-libya/#axzz2kKNpSYZb.
Mohamed Elijah, “On Top of Everything, Libya Now Has a Corruption Scandal to Worry About,”Foreign Policy, October 22, 2013, http://transitions.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2013/10/22/on_top_of_everything_else_now_libya_has_a_corruption_scandal_to_worry_about.