What Is an “Ideological Emendation” (Really)? Taurus T27 and Middle Platonist Philologia Philosophica

in Méthexis
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


The aim of this paper is to deeply rethink the traditional notion of “ideological emendation”. By taking Taurus T27 as a test-case, I shall emphasise that Taurus’ intervention on Timaeus 27c5 is the result of a conjecture, and that such an emendation meets the requirements for a philological conjecture on Plato’s text. Indeed, Taurus’ fragment, which is usually taken as a typical example of “ideological emendation”, only reflects an effort to recover what Plato actually wrote, and is nothing but a textual emendation. Accordingly, the ideological core of such an emendation is what must lie at the basis of any conjecture, that is an attempt to re-establish (what is assumed to be) Plato’s text in accordance with his consistent doctrine.


International Journal for Ancient Philosophy



Baltes M. (1976). Die Weltentstehung des platonischen Timaios nach den antiken Interpreteni, Leiden.

Carlini A. (1987). ‘Platone e le interpolazioni dottrinali in Gregorio di Nissa’. In: aa.vv. Filologia e forme letterarie. Studi offerti a Francesco della Corte, Urbino, i 465473.

Carlini A. (2012). ‘La tradizione manoscritta del Timeo ’. In: Celia F. ; Ulacco A. (eds.), Il Timeo: esegesi greche, arabe, latine, Pisa, 123.

Dillon J. (1973). Iamblichi Chalcidensis In Platonis Dialogos Commentariorum Fragmenta, Leiden.

Dillon J. (1977). The Middle Platonists, London.

Dillon J. (1989). ‘Tampering with the Timaeus: Ideological Emendations in Plato, with Special Reference to the Timaeus ’, American Journal of Philology , 110: 5072.

Dorandi T. (2010). ‘“Editori” antichi di Platone’, Antiquorum Philosophia, 4: 161174.

Dörrie H. , Baltes M. (eds.), (1993). Der Platonismus in der Antike, Band iii. Der Platonismus im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert nach Christus, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt.

Dörrie H. , Baltes M. (1998). Der Platonismus in der Antike, Band V. Die philosophische Lehre des Platonismus. Platonische Physik (im antiken Verständnis) ii, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt.

Ferrari F. (1998). ‘Galeno interprete del Timeo ’, Museum Helveticum, 55: 1434.

Ferrari F. (1999). ‘Platone, Tim. 35a1-6 in Plutarco, An. procr. 1012b-c: Citazione ed esegesi’, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie, 142: 326339.

Ferrari F. (2001). ‘La funzione dell’esegesi testuale nel medioplatonismo: il caso del Timeo ’, Athenaeum, 89: 525574.

Ferrari F. (2015). ‘Lucio Calveno Tauro e l’interpretazione didascalica della cosmogenesi del Timeo ’. In: Cardullo L. ; Iozzia D. (eds.), Bellezza e Virtù. Studi in onore di Maria Barbanti, Catania, 307319.

Gignac F.T. (1981). A Grammar of the Greek Papyri of the Roman and Byzantine Periods, Milano.

Gioè A. (1997). ‘Aspetti dell’esegesi medioplatonica: la manipolazione e l’adattamento delle citazioni’, Rendiconti dell’Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, s.ix, vii: 287309.

Gioè A. (2002). Filosofi medioplatonici del secondo secolo d.C., Napoli.

Jonkers G. (2017). The Textual Tradition of Plato’s Timaeus and Critias, Leiden-Boston.

Karamanolis G. (2006). Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry, Oxford.

Kirk G.S. (1985). The Iliad. A Commentary. Volume i: books 1–4, Cambridge.

Lakmann M.-L. (1995). Der Platoniker Tauros in der Darstellung des Aulus Gellius, Leiden-New York-Köln.

Lapini W. (2015). ‘Philological Observations and Approaches to Language in the Philosophical Context’. In: Montanari F. ; Matthaios S. ; Rengakos A. (eds.), Brill’s Companion to Ancient Scholarship, Leiden-Boston, 10121056.

Männlein-Roberts I. (2001). Longin. Philologe un Philosoph. Eine Interpretation der erhaltenen Zeugnisse, München-Leipzig.

Mansfeld J . (1994). Prolegomena. Questions to Be Settled Before the Study of an Author, or a Text, Leiden-New York-Köln.

Montana F. (2015). ‘Hellenistic Scholarship’. In Montanari F. ; Matthaios S. ; Rengakos A. (eds.), Brill’s Companion to Ancient Scholarship, Leiden-Boston, 60183.

Montanari F. (1998). ‘Zenodotus, Aristarchus and the Ekdosis of Homer’. In: Most G. (ed.), Editing Texts-Texte edieren, Göttingen, 121.

Montanari F. (2002). ‘Alexandrian Homeric Philology. The Form of the Ekdosis and the Variae Lectiones ’. In: Reichel M. ; Rengakos A. (eds.), Epea Pteroenta. Beiträge zur Homerforschung, Stuttgart, 119140.

Montanari F. (2011). ‘Correcting a Copy, Editing a Text. Alexandrian Ekdosis and Papyri’. In Montanari F. ; Pagani L. (eds.), From Scholars to Scholia. Chapters in the History of Ancient Greek Scholarship, New York-Berlin, 116.

Montanari F. (2015). ‘ Ekdosis. A Product of Ancient Scholarship’. In Montanari F. ; Matthaios S. ; Rengakos A. (eds.), Brill’s Companion to Ancient Scholarship, Leiden-Boston, 641672.

Most G. (forthcoming). ‘Postface’. In Keller A. ; Chemla K. (eds.), Shaping the Sciences of the Ancient World. Text Criticism, Critical Editions and Translations of Ancient and Medieval Scholarly Texts (18th-20th Centuries), Heidelberg-Berlin.

Opsomer J. (2004). ‘Plutarch’s De animae Procreatione in Timaeo. Manipulation or search for consistency?’. In: Adamson P. ; Baltussen H. ; Stone M.W.F. (eds.), Philosophy, Science and Exegesis in Greek, Latin and Arabic Commentaries, 2004, 137162.

Pagani L. & Perrone S. (2012). ‘Le ekdoseis antiche di Omero nei papiri’. In: Bastianini G. ; Casanova A. (eds.), I Papiri omerici. Atti del convegno internazionale di studi, Firenze 9–10 giugno 2011, Firenze, 97124.

Petrucci F.M. (2012a). ‘La tradizione indiretta dell’ultima pagina dell’Epinomide ’. In: Alesse F. ; Ferrari F. (eds.), Epinomide. Studi sull’opera e la sua ricezione, Napoli, 295340.

Petrucci F.M. (2012b). Teone di Smirne. Expositio rerum mathematicarum ad legendum Platonem utilium, Sankt Augustin.

Petrucci F.M. (2014). ‘Le témoignage du deuxième livre du Commentaire au Timée de Proclus sur la forme des arguments médio-platoniciens au sujet de la genèse du monde’, Revue des études Grecques , 127: 331375.

Petrucci F.M. (2015a). ‘Adrastus on Aristotle’s Cosmology. The Peripatetic Exegesis of De caelo and Metaphysics Λ ’, Rhizomata, 3: 149199.

Petrucci F.M. (2015b). ‘Letteralismo e cosmogenesi eternalista nel Medioplatonismo: il caso di Alcinoo, Didaskalikòs xiv 169, 32–35’. Antiquorum Philosophia, 9: 111126.

Petrucci F.M. (2016a). ‘Argumentative Strategies for Interpreting Plato’s Cosmogony: Taurus and the Issue of Literalism in Antiquity’. Phronesis, 61: 4359.

Petrucci F.M. (2016b). ‘ ἀντέχεσθαι τῶν ῥημάτων: the Neoplatonic Criticism of Atticus’ Exegesis of Plato’s Cosmogony’. In: Dangel T. ; O’Brien C. ; Halfwassen J. (eds.), Seele und Materie im Neuplatonismus, Heidelberg, 75103.

Petrucci, F.M. (2017). Wie man eine Platonstelle deutet. Exegetischen Strukturen im Mittelplatonismus’, Philologus 2017 [AoP, doi 10.1515/phil-2017-0019]

Petrucci F.M. (2018). Taurus of Beirut. The Other Side of Middle Platonism. London-New York.

Prächter K. (1934). s.v. Tauros (n.11). In: RE V A 1 coll. 5868.

Puglia E. (1988). Demetrio Lacone. Aporie testuali ed esegetiche in Epicuro (PHerc. 1012), Napoli.

Reis B. (1999). Der Platoniker Albinos und sein sogennanter Prologos. Wiesbaden.

Sedley D. (2013). ‘Cicero and the Timaeus ’. In: Schofield M. (ed.), Aristotle, Plato and Pythagoreanism in the First Century bc, Cambridge, 187205.

Sorabji R. (1983). Time, Creation and Continuum, London.

Tarrant H. (1996). ‘Platonic Interpretation in Aulus Gellius’. Greek Roman and Byzantine Studies , 37: 173193.

Tulli M. (2012). ‘La tradizione indiretta del Timeo ’. In: Celia F. ; Ulacco A. (eds.), Il Timeo: esegesi greche, arabe, latine, Pisa, 2556.

Verrycken K. (1988). ‘Porphyry, In Timaeum fr. xxxvii (Philoponus, De aeternitate mundi contra Proclum 148, 9–23)’, L’antiquité Classique, 57: 282289.

Verrycken K. (1997). ‘Philoponus’ Interpretation of Plato’s Cosmogony’. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, 8: 269318.

Whittaker J. (1969). ‘ Timaeus 27d5 ff’. Phoenix, 23: 181185.

Whittaker J. (1973). ‘Textual Comments on Timaeus 27c-d’. Phoenix, 27: 387391.

Whittaker J. (1989). ‘The Value of the Indirect Tradition in the Establishment of Greek Philosophical Text, or the Art of Misquotation’. In: Grant J.N. (ed.), Editing Greek and Roman Texts, New York, 6395.


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 11 11 6
Full Text Views 6 6 6
PDF Downloads 1 1 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0