This study explores the challenges and possibilities of using anthropological research methods in constructive systematic theology and ethics. This analysis is approached through a discussion of the methodological choices that the author has made in conducting her PhD research in an area that lacks the sources that are traditionally affiliated with systematic theology, written texts and documents. Aligning with a liberation theological call for listening to the voice of grassroots communities that may offer academia and society insights into promoting social justice, this study suggests that a gap that still exists between much of mainstream Western systematic theology and the liberation and postcolonial paradigms should be replaced by a critical, constructive dialogue. It is argued that as the center of gravity of Christianity has shifted to the Global South, Western academia needs to recognize the epistemological and methodological insights of theologians from the South. This analysis then continues to discuss the agency of a researcher who collects her or his data in the midst of a living community. In agreement with scholars such as Said and Appiah, this study highlights the subjective nature of any research and the need for the researcher to be aware of the factors that influence his or her perception. On a more practical level, the concepts of the Praxis Cycle and Grounded Theory as frameworks are introduced and demonstrated that these are of help in creating a functional way of combining anthropological and systematic theological approaches in order to do theology from below.
de VosA.S., '“Qualitative Data Analysis and Interpretation.”', in Strydom Vos and Delport Fouche(eds), Research at Grassroots. For Social Sciences and Human Service Professionals, (Van Schaik Publishers, Pretoria2002).
EatwotI., '“Final Statement. Ecumenical Dialogue of Third World Theologians, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, August 5–12, 1976.”', in Sergio Torres and Virginia Fabella(eds), The Emergent Gospel. Theology from the Underside of History, (Orbis Books, Maryknoll1978) 259-271.
HollandJoe, '“Introduction: Roots of the pastoral circle in personal experiences and Catholic social tradition.”', in Frans Wijsen, Peter Henriot and Rodrigo Mejia(eds), The pastoral circle revisited. A critical quest for truth and transformation, (Orbis Books, Maryknoll2005) 1-12.
WijsenFrans, '“The practical-theological spiral. Bridging theology in the west and the rest of the world.”', in Frans Wijsen, Peter Henriot and Rodrigo Mejia(eds), The pastoral circle revisited. A critical quest for truth and transformation, (Orbis Books, Maryknoll2005) 108-126.
WijsenFransHenriotPeterMeijaRodrigo, '“Preface”', in Frans Wijsen, Peter Henriot and Rodrigo Mejia(eds), The pastoral circle revisited. A critical quest for truth and transformation, (Orbis Books, Maryknoll2005) xix-xxii.
See Bar On (1993) on the challenges related to giving the epistemological privilege to the marginalised. “Although the empowerment of its own members is an important goal for every marginalized social group by claiming an authority based in epistemic privilege the group reinscribes the values and practices used to socially marginalize it by excluding its voice silencing it and commanding its obedience to the voice of the dominant group.” (Bar On 1993:96–97.)