The constitutio Antoniniana (ad 212): Taxes or Religion?

in Mnemosyne
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The constitutio Antoniniana (ad 212): Taxes or Religion?

in Mnemosyne



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Buraselis 20073with note 4. He points out that this sentence is coming from book 22 of Ulpian’s Ad edictum praetoris.


Meyer 1920 nr 1. See Wilhelm 1934178-180 for the first phases of the discussion. Buraselis 2007 5-13 14-87 88-93 and 120-157 thoroughly treats the contents backgrounds and significance of the text and gives a complete and vivid survey of almost everything that has been said and written about it. See also his bibliography pp. 159-164. A recently published work on the preceding imperial representation by Septimius Severus is Lichtenberger 2011. He has given a rich bibliography as well pp. 403-451.


Buraselis 200714-2336-46 47-66 and esp. 90-92. According to Levick (2007 103) Caracalla only completed a long process.


See Manders 2012225-252.


Ando 2000136. On Septimius Severus emphasizing his family his domus divina in imperial representation see Lichtenberger 2011 339-378.


Kemmers 2011270-290.


See Speidel 2009367371 (table 4) and 380 (table 7).


See Crawford 1975565 f.; Corbier 2005 333.


Potter 2004243 rightly remarks: “Decius had been born in the reign of Severus and could remember the constitutio Antoniniana which may be the model for his action.” The parallel between Caracalla and Decius was drawn by Rives (1999 153) but in a rather limited way. He did not yet see the consequences sketched in this paper.


Manders 2012253. On Decius’ libelli see Knipfing 1923. On the ensuing persecution of Christians see Rives 1999 135-154; Pietzner 2008 994-999.



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