‘Swearing by Hera’ Redux

Further Speculation on the Origin of the Oath νὴ τὴν Ἥραν

in Mnemosyne
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A Journal of Classical Studies


BandiniM.DorionL.-A. Xénophon: Mémorables Introduction Générale 2000 Paris Livre i

CalderW.M.III The Oath ‘By Hera’ in Plato Mélanges Edouard Delebecque 1983 Aix-en-Provence 35 42

de VriesG.J. A Commentary on the Phaedrus of Plato 1969 Amsterdam

DoddsE.R. Plato: Gorgias 1959 Oxford

DragoA.T. Aristeneto: Lettere d’amore. Introduzione, testo, traduzione e commento 2007 Lecce

DunbarN. Aristophanes: Birds With Introduction and Commentary 1995 Oxford

FarnellF.R. The Cults of the Greek States 1896 Vol. 1 Oxford

ParkerR. Athenian Religion: A History 1995 Oxford

ParkerR. HornblowerS.MathewsE. Theophoric Names and the History of Greek Religion Greek Personal Names: Their Value as Evidence 2001 Oxford 53 79

ParkerR. Polytheism and Society at Athens 2005 Oxford

RawsonE. The Spartan Tradition in European Thought 1969 Oxford

SmithJ.R. Xenophon: Memorabilia 1903 Boston/London [repr. New York, 1979]

SommersteinA.H. Swearing by Hera: A Deme Meme? CQ 2008 58 326 331

StoreyI.C. The Symposium at Wasps 1299ff Phoenix 1985 39 317 333

TarrantD. The Hippias Major Attributed to Plato. With Introductory Essay and Commentary 1928 Cambridge [repr. New York, 1976]

TraillJ.S. Demos and Trittys: Epigraphical and Topographical Studies in the Organization of Attica 1986 Toronto


See, e.g., Smith 1903, 60; Tarrant 1928, 45; Dodds 1959, 195; de Vries 1969, 53; cf. Bandini and Dorion 2000, 151.


Parker 2005, 270, with n. 2.


Sommerstein 2008, 329.


Ibid., 329-330.


Sommerstein 2008, 329.


Sommerstein 2008, 330.


Parker 2001, 66. Parker points out, for example, that Spartan naming conventions apparently excluded names derived or compounded from that of their own greatest god, Apollo.


See Farnell 1896, 179-198. Pausanias (3.13.8) notes the existence at Sparta of both a temple dedicated to Argive Hera and a shrine of Hera Hypercheiria. Hom. Il. 4.51-52 depicts the goddess herself naming Argos, Sparta, and Mycenae as her three favorite cities; cf. also Ov. Fast. 3.84.


See, e.g., Rawson 1969, 12-32.


Cp. Sommerstein 2008, 328. Alopeke lay beyond the walls of Athens, to the south; however, Plato has Phaedrus remark that Socrates seems never to venture outside the city walls (Phdr. 230d οὔτ᾽ ἔξω τείχους ἔµοιγε δοκεῖς τὸ παράπαν ἐξιέναι). Both Plato’s Protagoras and Xenophon’s Symposium take place at houses owned by Callias, though, pace Sommerstein, these may not be the same house. Xenophon’s Symposium takes place in the Piraeus; the opening of Plato’s Protagoras suggests somewhere closer to Socrates’ own home, i.e., inside Athens proper.


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