The purpose of this paper is to analyze the ethical and moral portrait of the emperor Theodosius in Zosimus’ New History. It is my working hypothesis that the historian subverted the rhetorical topics usually deployed in the basilikòs lógos to accommodate the emperor’s ethical portrayal to his religious and historiographical programme. In order to do so, Zosimus emptied the concept of ἀνδρεία from its philosophical and moral connotations.
Mendelssohn1887xlviii: “tempora miscet loca ignorat res non conexas nectit nexasque divellit fabulas miraculaque persequitur ipsa re quae agebatur aut omissa aut obiter memorata”; Paschoud 2000-2003 lxxvii; Ridley 1982 xi; Cameron 2007 341. See also Kaegi 1968 101.
Paschoud1993. On Zosimus’ New History as an attempt to counter the influence of the Christian Ecclesiastical Histories see Candau Morón 1992; Escribano Paño 1998 526-530. Paschoud (1975 215) considers this attempt as “la seule partie originale de l’enterprise de Zosime.” Green 1981 132-264; Mazzarino 1959 67-69. On Zosimus’ errors and inaccurate information see Berardo 1976; Ridley 1972 290-292 296-302. A nuanced opinion in Kaegi 1968 132-133.
Speck2003263-279especially 263. An early defense of Zosimus was written by Johannes Löwenklau in the xvith century.
Goffart1971419. On Zosimus’ sources see Green 1981 133-135; Ridley 1972 280-283.
Kindt and Haeperen2008viii-x. See Speck 2003 265-276 for a defense of Zosimus’ work on the grounds of a deficient transmission of the historian’s work.
Escribano Paño19981-5; Paschoud 2000-2003 xxxiii-xxxiv. On the hotly debated issue of his historical influences Scavone 1970. For Zosimus’ use of classical historiography see also Green 1981 135-136.
Pernot1993157-158165-173. For a similar example see Polybius’s confrontation with Theopompus of Chios on the ethical portrait of Philip of Macedonia. Vid. Plb. 8.9-11. See also Attyah 1994 98-115; Pédech 1989 73-146.
Hobbs20008-1079-80 83-86 130-136.
Translation taken from Lamb1967. The context of this first definition is surveyed by Schmid 1985 114-115; Schmid 1992 96-104.
Translations taken from Wright1913.
Paschoud1989. On this topic see Eun. Fr. 59.
Goffart1971418-419. Vid. also Cracco Ruggini 1973 166-167: “Ma d’altra parte in Zosimo . . . le considerazioni di ordine politico strategico militare finanziario ed economico hanno quasi sempre la meglio sulla interpretazione meramente religiosa.”