Ramsay1890, 70, listing Kaparkelis, Kiakis, Leandis, Karnalis, Tanadaris, Ladoineris as other examples of this phenomenon.
Ramsay1890, 67identifies this as a common phenomenon in geographical works: we have, for example, the toponyms Ptandaris, Puspena, with preceding ἀπό, ἐπί or ab, and Opodando (It. Hieros. 578) with the final o of Mansio.
See Müller1997, 48-65where the main proposals for the course of the Royal Road are discussed.
Ramsay1890, 68; Ramsay 1903, 396-397; he was not impressed by the Turkish baths: he saw no ancient remains, and did not understand why the symbol used on the Peutinger Table should be so large. He even refused to drink the water: “The establishment is now of the most wretched character”.
Ramsay1903, 405-406. The ninth-century Persian geographer Ibn Khordadbeh mentions a ‘Camp of the King’ in this valley.
Ramsay1903, 396and 402-403, correcting his earlier guess Başmakçı (Ramsay 1890, 346). For the relation of Halala to Loulon see Ramsay 1890, 353-354.