Lost in Cappadocia

Reconsidering Xerxes’ visit to Kritalla (Hdt. 7.26)

in Mnemosyne
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A Journal of Classical Studies



BallanceM.H., 'Derbe and Faustinopolis' (1964) 14 as: 139-145.

CalderW.M., 'The Royal Road in Herodotus' (1925) 39 cr: 7-11 (1 and 2).

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Macan 1908, ii, 129; How and Wells 1912, 37.


Sivas: Calder 1925, 9; Archelais: Rennell 1800, 319; Mazaca: Müller 1997, 167; Tyana: Macan 1908, 129; Cybistra: Zgusta 1984, 305; near Tyana or Cybistra: Ramsay 1920, 89.


Talbert 2010, 125-127.


Georges 1987, 128-129.


Ramsay 1890, 70, listing Kaparkelis, Kiakis, Leandis, Karnalis, Tanadaris, Ladoineris as other examples of this phenomenon.


Ramsay 1890, 67 identifies this as a common phenomenon in geographical works: we have, for example, the toponyms Ptandaris, Puspena, with preceding ἀπό, ἐπί or ab, and Opodando (It. Hieros. 578) with the final o of Mansio.


Ramsay 1890, 311.


See Müller 1997, 48-65 where the main proposals for the course of the Royal Road are discussed.


Ramsay 1890, 68; Ramsay 1903, 396-397; he was not impressed by the Turkish baths: he saw no ancient remains, and did not understand why the symbol used on the Peutinger Table should be so large. He even refused to drink the water: “The establishment is now of the most wretched character”.


Ramsay 1903, 401.


Ramsay 1903, 405-406. The ninth-century Persian geographer Ibn Khordadbeh mentions a ‘Camp of the King’ in this valley.


Ramsay 1903, 396 and 402-403, correcting his earlier guess Başmakçı (Ramsay 1890, 346). For the relation of Halala to Loulon see Ramsay 1890, 353-354.


Müller 1883, 889.


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