Compounding Compound Creatures

The Catalogue of Hybrids in Tristia 4.7 and Empedocles

in Mnemosyne
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

In Tristia 4.7, Ovid describes a series of mythological hybrid creatures. This paper will argue that this catalogue of hybrids alludes to scientific accounts of the primitive creatures that existed in the early stages in the evolution of living beings, as well as literary depictions of monstrous creatures. In particular it will argue that Ovid alludes to his own Metamorphoses, Vergil’s catalogue of insubstantial monsters at A. 6.285-289, Lucretius’ account of primitive creatures at DRN 5.890-894 (a model for both the Metamorphoses and the Vergilian catalogue), and most significantly Empedocles (fr. 60 DK). It will demonstrate that Ovid ‘remythologises’ this passage from Empedocles through the use of multiple allusions to both scientific and mythological discourse, in such a way as to question a series of distinctions, such as that between science and mythology. It will also discuss whether Ovid’s catalogue of hybrids could aid a reinterpretation of the compound creatures described by Empedocles.

Mnemosyne

A Journal of Classical Studies

Sections

References

Auhagen, U. 2007. Rhetoric and Ovid, in: Dominik, W.J., Hall, J. (eds.) A Companion to Roman Rhetoric (Malden, MA), 413-424

Campbell, G. 2003. Lucretius On Creation and Evolution (Oxford)

Casanova-Robin, H. (ed.) 2009. Ovide. Figures de l’hybride. Illustrations littéraires et figurées de l’esthétique ovidienne à travers les âges (Paris)

Clark, R.J. 2003. The Cerberus-Like Function of the Gorgons in Virgil’s Underworld (Aen. 6.273-94), CQ 53, 308-309

Clarke, M. 2004. An Ox-Fronted River-God. Sophocles, Trachiniae 12-13, HSCPh 102, 97-112

Flores, E. 1995. Il poeta Manilio, ultimo degli Augustei, e Ovidio, in: Gallo, I., Nicastri, L. (eds.) Aetates Ovidianae. Lettori di Ovidio dall’antichità al rinascimento (Naples), 27-38

Gale, M. (ed.) 2009. Lucretius. De Rerum Natura 5 (Oxford)

Garani, M. 2013. Lucretius and Ovid on Empedoclean Cows and Sheep, in: Lehoux, D., Morrison, A.D., Sharrock, A. (eds.) Lucretius. Poetry, Philosophy, Science (Oxford), 233-260

Gee, E. 2013. Aratus and the Astronomical Tradition (Oxford)

Gemelli, L. 2003. Empedocles’ Zoogony and Embryology, in: Pierris, A. (ed.), 373-402

Hannah, R. 1997. Is it a Bird? Is it a Star? Ovid’s Kite—and the First Swallow of Spring, Latomus 56, 327-342

Hansen, E.V. 1971. The Attalids of Pergamon (Ithaca)

Hardie, P. 1995. The Speech of Pythagoras in Ovid Metamorphoses 15. Empedoclean Epos, CQ 45, 204-214

Hornblower, S. (ed.) 2015. Lykophron. Alexandra (Oxford)

Horsfall, N. 2013. Virgil, Aeneid 6. A Commentary (Berlin)

Inwood, B. 2001. (ed.) The Poem of Empedocles (Toronto)

Jouteur, I. 2009. Hybrides ovidiens au service de l’imagination créatrice, in: Casanova-Robin (ed.), 43-58

Kenney, E.J. 2002. Ovid’s Language and Style, in: Boyd, B.W. (ed.) Brill’s Companion to Ovid (Leiden), 27-89

Nelis, D. 2001. Vergil’s Aeneid and the Argonautica of Apollonius Rhodius (Leeds)

Nelis, D. 2004. Georgics 2.458-542. Virgil, Aratus and Empedocles, Dictynna 1 (https://dictynna.revues.org/161)

Nelis, D. 2009. Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.416-51. Noua Monstra and the Foedera Naturae, in: Hardie, P. (ed.) Paradox and the Marvellous in Augustan Literature and Culture (Oxford), 248-267

Ogden, D. 2013. Drakon. Dragon Myth and Serpent Cult in the Greek and Roman Worlds (Oxford)

Papanghelis, T.D., Harrison, S., Frangoulidis, S. (eds.) 2013. Generic Interfaces in Latin Literature (Berlin)

Pierris, A. (ed.) 2003. The Empedoclean Κόσµος. Structure, Process and the Question of Cyclicity (Patras)

Ridgway, B.S. 2000. Hellenistic Sculpture II (Madison, WI)

Sedley, D. 1998. Lucretius and the Transformation of Greek Wisdom (Cambridge)

Sedley, D. 2003. Lucretius and the New Empedocles, LICS 2.4 (http://www.leeds.ac.uk/classics/lics/)

Volk, K. 2009. Manilius and his Intellectual Background (Oxford)

Wright, M.R. 1995. Empedocles. The Extant Fragments (London)

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 18 18 6
Full Text Views 9 9 8
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0