Cato the Elder, Livy, and Xenophon’s Anabasis

in Mnemosyne
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

This article argues firstly that Cato the Elder’s account of a daring plan involving the tribune Caedicius in the First Punic War is modelled on a scene in Xenophon’s Anabasis. It then argues that Livy’s account of a heroic escape in the First Samnite War orchestrated by P. Decius Mus is modelled not just on the First Punic War episode described by Cato, as scholars have suggested, but on the same passage of Xenophon; it also proposes that Livy’s use of Xenophon may be mediated through Cato. The article then sets out other evidence for the use of Xenophon in Roman historiography and explores the implications of the proposed intertextuality for Roman self-positioning and for ideas of leadership and military hierarchy. The article as a whole suggests that the influence of Xenophon on Latin historiography is greater than has often been conceived.

Cato the Elder, Livy, and Xenophon’s Anabasis

in Mnemosyne

Sections

References

von AlbrechtM. 1989. Masters of Roman Prose from Cato to Apuleius. Interpretative Studies (Leeds)

AstinA.E. 1978. Cato the Censor (Oxford)

BriscoeJ. 1981. A Commentary on Livy Books XXXIV-XXXVII (Oxford)

BriscoeJ. 1993. A Commentary on Livy Books XXXI-XXXIII (Oxford)

BriscoeJ. 2010. The Fragments of Cato’s Origines in: DickeyE.ChahoudA. (eds.) Colloquial and Literary Latin (Cambridge) 154-160

CalboliG. 1996. Die Episode des Tribunen Q. Caedicius (Cato, Orig. Frg. 7-43 Peter)Maia 481-32

CawkwellG.L. 2004. When, How and Why did Xenophon Write the Anabasis? in: Lane FoxR. (ed.) The Long March. Xenophon and the Ten Thousand (New Haven) 47-67

ChaplinJ.D. 2000. Livy’s Exemplary History (Oxford)

ChassignetM. 1986. (ed.) Caton. Les Origines (fragments) (Paris)

ClarkJ.H. 2014. Triumph in Defeat. Military Loss and the Roman Republic (New York/Oxford)

CoheeP. 2007. Gell. 3.7.16 (Cato Orig. 83 Peter). Cum unoHermes 135365-369

CornellT.J. 2009. Cato the Elder and the Origins of Roman Autobiography in: SmithC.J. (ed.) The Lost Memoirs of Augustus and the Development of Roman Autobiography (Swansea) 15-40

CostantiniM. 1993. Xénophon ou l’art de la bonne distance in: PoliD. (ed) Cultura in Cesare (Rome) 137-148

CourtneyE. 1999. Archaic Latin Prose (Atlanta)

DenchE. 1995. From Barbarians to New Men. Greek Roman and Modern Perceptions of Peoples of the Central Apennines (Oxford)

DilleryJ. 1995. Xenophon and the History of his Times (London)

DilleryJ. 2009. Roman Historians and the Greeks. Audiences and Models in: FeldherrA. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians (Cambridge) 77-107

ElliottJ. 2010. Ennius as a Universal Historian. The Case of the Annales in: LiddelP.FearA. (eds.) Historiae Mundi. Studies in Universal Historiography (London) 148-161

ElliottJ. 2013. Ennius and the Architecture of the Annales (Cambridge)

GoldbergS.M. 2005. Constructing Literature in the Roman Republic. Poetry and its Reception (Cambridge)

GotterU. 2009. Cato’s Origines. The Historian and his Enemies in: FeldherrA. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians (Cambridge) 108-122

GrilloL. 2012. The Art of Caesar’s Bellum Civile (Cambridge)

GruenE.S. 1992. Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome (Ithaca)

Holford-StrevensL. 2003. Aulus Gellius. An Antonine Scholar and his Achievement (Oxford)

HorsfallN. 1982. The Caudine Forks. Topography and IllusionPBSR 5045-52

JaegerM. 1999. Guiding Metaphor and Narrative Point of View in Livy’s Ab Vrbe Condita in: Kraus (ed.) 169-195

KrausC.S. (ed.) 1994. Livy. Book VI (Cambridge)

KrausC.S. (ed.) 1999. The Limits of Historiography. Genre and Narrative in Ancient Historical Texts (Leiden)

KrausC.S.WoodmanA.J. 1997. Latin Historians (Oxford)

KrebsC.B. 2006. Leonides Laco quidem simile apud Thermopylas fecit. Cato and HerodotusBICS 4993-103

LeveneD.S. 2010. Livy on the Hannibalic War (Oxford)

LuraghiN. 2017. Xenophon’s Place in Fourth-Century Greek Historiography in: FlowerM.A. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Xenophon (Cambridge) 84-100

LushkovA.H. 2015. Magistracy and the Historiography of the Roman Republic (Cambridge)

MarincolaJ. 1997. Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography (Cambridge)

MariottiI. 1990. Verruca “locus editus”MH 4782-86

McGushinP. 1977. C. Sallustius Crispus Bellum Catilinae. A Commentary (Leiden)

MorelloR. 2003. Place and Road. Neglected Aspects of Livy 9.1-19 in: DerouxC. (ed.) Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History XI (Brussels) 290-306

MünscherK. 1920. Xenophon in der griechisch-römischen Literatur (Leipzig)

OakleyS.P. 1997-2005. A Commentary on Livy. Books VI-X4 vols. (Oxford)

PellingC.B.R. 1999. Epilogue in: Kraus (ed.) 325-357

PellingC.B.R. 2002. Plutarch and History (London/Swansea)

PellingC.B.R. 2013. Xenophon and Caesar’s Third-Person Narratives—Or Are They? in: MarmodoroA.HillJ. (eds.) The Author’s Voice in Classical and Late Antiquity (Oxford) 39-76

Popov-ReynoldsN. 2010. The Heroic Soldier as Exemplum in Cato and Livy in: PolleichtnerW. (ed.) Livy and Intertextuality. Papers of a Conference Held at the University of Texas at Austin October 3 2009 (Trier) 169-201

PowellJ.G.F. (ed.) 1988. Cicero. Cato Maior de senectute (Cambridge)

ReggiG. 2002. Cesare e il racconto delle battaglie navali sotto MarsigliaRIL 13671-108

RoodT.C.B. 2014. Space and Landscape in Xenophon’s Anabasis in: GilhulyK.WormanN. (eds.) Space Place and Landscape in Ancient Greek Literature and Culture (New York/Cambridge) 63-93

RoodT.C.B. forthcoming. Geographical and Historical Patterning in Diodorus Siculus in: MeussA. (ed.) Hellenistic Historiography

Rubincam C. 2003. Numbers in Greek Poetry and Historiography. Quantifying FehlingCQ 53448-463

RussellD.A. (ed.) 2001. Quintilian. The Orator’s Education5 vols. (Cambridge, MA)

RussoF. 2010. Le Termopili come ‘luogo ideologico’ nella propaganda romanaSCO 5631-56

SamottaI. 2012. Herodotus and Thucydides in Roman Republican Historiography in: FosterE.LateinerD. (eds.) Thucydides and Herodotus (Oxford) 345-378

ScapiniM. 2011. Temi greci e citazioni da Erodoto nelle storie di Roma arcaica (Nordhausen)

SciarrinoE. 2004. Putting Cato the Censor’s Origines in its PlaceClAnt 23323-357

ThomasR.F. 1986. Virgil’s Georgics and the Art of ReferenceHSCPh 90171-198

TränkleH. 1971. Cato in der vierten und fünften Dekade des Livius (Mainz)

WelchK. 1998. Caesar and his Officers in the Gallic War Commentaries in: WelchK.PowellA. (eds.) Julius Caesar as Artful Reporter. The War Commentaries as Political Instruments (London/Swansea) 85-110

WoodmanA.J. (ed.) 2014. Tacitus. Agricola (Cambridge)

ZorzettiN. 1990. The Carmina Convivalia in: MurrayO. (ed.) Sympotica. A Symposium on the Symposion (Oxford) 289-307

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 22 22 17
Full Text Views 18 18 18
PDF Downloads 7 7 7
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0