Multisensory Congruency Enhances Explicit Awareness in a Sequence Learning Task

in Multisensory Research
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We examined the effect of audiovisual training on learning a repeated sequence of motor responses. Participants were trained with either congruent or incongruent audiovisual cues to produce motor responses. Learning was tested by comparing reaction times to untrained sequences and by asking participants to recreate the trained sequence. A strong association was found between the two measures and the majority of high-scoring participants belonged to the congruent audiovisual condition. Because the second measure requires explicit knowledge of the trained sequence, we conclude that audiovisual congruency facilitates explicit learning.

Multisensory Congruency Enhances Explicit Awareness in a Sequence Learning Task

in Multisensory Research

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References

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Figures

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    Stimulus schematic. When the filled visual cue is presented, an auditory tone plays (or doesn’t play in the no tone condition) and the participant presses the filled key with the filled finger.

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    Block-by-block average RTs in all four conditions. During Test 1, untrained sequences were presented and the auditory stimulation was the same as during training. During Test 2, untrained sequences were presented without any auditory stimulation in any condition.

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    Main experimental results. (A) Performance on the explicit (filled) and implicit (unfilled) tests. Error bars are ±1 SEM. (B) Averaged RT scores plotted as a function of % accuracy in the explicit test.

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