Intact Dynamic Visual Capture in People With One Eye

in Multisensory Research
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Abstract

Observing motion in one modality can influence the perceived direction of motion in a second modality (dynamic capture). For example observing a square moving in depth can influence the perception of a sound to increase in loudness. The current study investigates whether people who have lost one eye are susceptible to audiovisual dynamic capture in the depth plane similar to binocular and eye-patched viewing control participants. Partial deprivation of the visual system from the loss of one eye early in life results in changes in the remaining intact senses such as hearing. Linearly expanding or contracting discs were paired with increasing or decreasing tones and participants were asked to indicate the direction of the auditory stimulus. Magnitude of dynamic visual capture was measured in people with one eye compared to eye-patched and binocular viewing controls. People with one eye have the same susceptibility to dynamic visual capture as controls, where they perceived the direction of the auditory signal to be moving in the direction of the incongruent visual signal, despite previously showing a lack of visual dominance for audiovisual cues. This behaviour may be the result of directing attention to the visual modality, their partially deficient sense, in order to gain important information about approaching and receding stimuli which in the former case could be life-threatening. These results contribute to the growing body of research showing that people with one eye display unique accommodations with respect to audiovisual processing that are likely adaptive in each unique sensory situation.

Multisensory Research

A Journal of Scientific Research on All Aspects of Multisensory Processing

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Figures

  • A schematic illustration of the presentation of stimuli. The top row depicts audiovisual (AV) trials that were presented either congruently (visual stimulus moving in the same direction as the auditory stimulus) or incongruently (visual stimulus moving in the opposite direction of the auditory stimulus). The bottom row depicts unimodal auditory and unimodal visual conditions that were presented with stimuli moving in both the receding and looming directions.

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  • The reaction times (ms) for each of the BV (white), MV (grey) and ME (black) groups for unimodal conditions (top row) and bimodal conditions (bottom row). Error bars represent standard error of the mean.

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  • Accuracy (percent correct) for each of the BV (white), MV (grey) and ME (black) groups for unimodal conditions (top panel) and bimodal conditions (bottom panel).

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  • Magnitude of dynamic visual capture (difference in accuracy between bimodal cue and corresponding unimodal auditory condition) for each of the BV (white), MV (grey) and ME (black) groups.

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