The Agdal of Marrakesh (Twelfth to Twentieth Centuries): An Agricultural Space for Caliphs and Sultans. Part 1: History

In: Muqarnas Online
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  • 1 Laboratorio de Arqueología y Arquitectura de la Ciudad (LAAC)
  • | 2 Escuela de Estudios Árabes (EEA)
  • | 3 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Granada, Spain
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The Agdal is an enormous estate, located south of Marrakesh, that has survived from the twelfth century to the present. Historically it was used for agricultural production and related functions, and included pleasure gardens, pools, mills, and seasonal residences. This study presents the results of a multi-year survey of the Agdal’s water bodies, its place within the regional hydraulic system of khaṭṭāras, cultivation practiced there throughout the centuries, and the internal organization of its land and more than forty buildings. This archaeological approach is joined with a study of manuscript and published sources to give a comprehensive history of the Agdal, one of the most important historic landscapes in the Islamic world.

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