Identification of Heterodera avenae group species by morphometrics and rDNA-RFLPs

in Nematology
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Abstract

Canonical discriminant analysis of four morphometric characters of juveniles and restriction enzymes analysis of ribosomal DNA sequences were used to distinguish Heterodera arenaria, H. aucklandica, H. avenae, H. filipjevi, H. hordecalis, H. iri, H. latipons, H. litoralis, H. schachtii and an undescribed species from grasslands. The results of unweighted pair group cluster analysis showed that H. avenae populations formed three groups and H. filipjevi two groups at the 80% level of similarity. Intraspecific polymorphism was revealed by rDNA-RFLP studies and two types of ITS regions within H. avenae populations can be distinguished. The pattern of restriction bands obtained with BsuRI, PstI and TaqI clearly distinguished populations of H. filipjevi from other species of the H. avenae group. Further enzymes and their combinations distinguished the other species. There are no enzymes which differentiate European populations of H. avenae from H. arenaria. Morphometrics, restriction endonuclease cleavage maps of ITS regions and a dendrogram of putative phylogenetic relations of several cyst-forming nematode species are given. Identification des especes du groupe Heterodera avenae par la morphometrie et les rDNA-RFLP - L'analyse canonique discriminante sur quatre caracteres morphometriques des juveniles et l'analyse des enzymes de restriction de l'ADN ribosomal ont ete utilisees pour identifier Heterodera arenaria, H. aucklandica, H. avenae, H. filipjevi, H. hordecalis, H. iri, H. latipons, H. litoralis, H. schachtii et une nouvelle espece originaire de prairies. Les resultats de l'analyse UPGMA ont montre que les populations d'H. avenae formaient trois groupes et celles d'H. filipjevi deux groupes a un niveau de similarite de 80%. Le polymorphisme intraspecifique a ete revele par des etudes de rDNA-RFLP et deux types de regions de l'ITS peuvent etre mis en evidence dans les populations d'H. avenae. Les modeles de bandes de restriction obtenus avec BsuRI, PstI et TaqI ont identifie clairement les populations d'H. filipjevi des autres especes du groupe H. avenae. D'autres enzymes et leurs combinaisons ont identifie les autres especes. Aucun enzyme n'a differencie les populations europeennes d'H. avenae de H. arenaria. Les caracteres morphometriques, les cartes de clivage des regions des ITS par l'endonuclease de restriction et un dendogramme des relations phylogenetiques supposees sont donnes.

Identification of Heterodera avenae group species by morphometrics and rDNA-RFLPs

in Nematology

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