Xyala finneyae sp. n. (Nematoda: Xyalidae) from the intertidal region of the eastern Gulf of California, Mexico

in Nematology
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Xyala finneyae sp. n. from the intertidal zone in the northern Gulf of California, Mexico, is described using light and scanning electron microscopy. The new species is characterised by the first ring of cuticular crests being at least twice as long as the crests on the remaining annules, vulva at 70-76% of body length from anterior end, sexual dimorphism in amphid fovea size with females having a smaller amphidial opening. Xyala finneyae sp. n. is most similar to the type species, X. striata, and to X. oxybiotica. It differs from the former in having the first ring of crests markedly longer than all subsequent ones, in having shorter outer labial and cephalic setae on the lip region (8-9 and 15-18 vs 12 and 22 μm, respectively), in a more anterior position of vulva (V = 70-76 vs 79-81) and in shorter spicules (29-31 vs 44-47 μm). From X. oxybiotica, it differs in the more spherical lip region with thinner cuticle on the lips (vs lips more protruding anteriad and with thicker cuticle in optical section), shorter outer labial and cephalic setae on the lip region (8-9 and 15-18 vs 13 and 23 μm, respectively), a more anterior vulva (V = 70-76 vs 81-89) and shorter spicules (29-31 vs 35 μm).

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